Новини - литература и периодика - Архив 2019г.

Раздел за фирмени новини
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 25 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Airbus заплаши, че може да се изтегли изцяло от Великобритания при твърд Brexit - 2019-01-24 21:04:25
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Изпълнителният директор на Airbus Том Ендерс директно заяви, че е е много вероятно компанията му да се изтегли изцяло от Великобритания ако се стигне до излизане от ЕС без договор (т.нар. твърд Brexit). Това се казва в нарочно видеообръщение, което публикуваха от самолетостроителя.


2. Нови фотографии на нискозабележимия БЛА С-70 - 2019-01-24 20:12:38
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Появиха се нови фотографии на руския нискозабележим БЛА Сухой С-70, който се разработва по програмата „Охотник-Б”. Новите снимки дават допълнителна информация за апарата.


3. Полша отново замисля модернизация на Ми-24 - 2019-01-24 18:41:46
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Полското военно министерство планира да започне диалог с потенциални доставчици за модернизацията на част от бойните вертолети Ми-24Д/В. Той ще се проведе от юли до септември 2019 г., като основната му цел е да се оцени изпълнимостта на проекта, които ще предвижда добавяне на ново оборудване и въоръжение.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 25 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. Up to 70% Off Sale - 2019-01-25 11:15:11
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Now is the perfect time to add to your Osprey collection because until 28 February, we've got thousands of books, eBooks and games discounted!
WHAT'S INCLUDED?
Our military history series list, as well as our General Military and General Aviation books & eBooks are included in our up to 70% off sale.
January books and pre-order titles are excluded.
HOW?
To navigate the sale, browse our series/period tabs on the sidebar. This will allow you to view our full catalogue. If the book/game is included in the sale it will notify you on the product page with the original price crossed out, and the new discounted price underneath in red.
The discount amount will not be noted in your basket, but will have been applied as stated on the product page.


2. The Redeemed by Tim Pears - 2019-01-24 16:40:00
Today on the blog we are joined by Tim Pears, whose new book The Redeemed takes a fictional look at the Battle of Jutland and the scuttling of the German fleet at Scapa Flow.
The Grand Scuttle
The First World War came to an end with the Armistice on 11th November 1918. Yet the full remarkable story of one vital thread of that war was far from over.
A prime cause of war in 1914 was the German Kaiser’s envy of Britain’s Empire. It was an Empire safeguarded by the Royal Navy. Throughout the Edwardian period Admiral Tirpitz built up his High Seas Fleet with dreadnoughts and destroyers. The Admiralty kept pace.
In the early part of the war the Royal Navy established a trade blockade of Germany, patrolling the North Sea, which became ‘a marine no man’s land, with the British Fleet bottling up the exits’, as Richard Hough describes it in The Great War at Sea 1914-1918.
Eventually the German High Seas Fleet emerged, on 31st May 1916. The British Grand Fleet engaged, and so there took place throughout that day what is still the largest naval battle in history, which became known as the Battle of Jutland.

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SMS Nassau's ramming attack on the destroyer HMS Spitfire at the Battle of Jutland
Artwork by Howard Gerrard, featured in Campaign 72: Jutland 1916
The result was inconclusive. The British lost more ships and more men. Both government and public, hoping for another Trafalgar, were unimpressed. As the surviving ships sailed back into the Firth of Forth the following day, railwaymen threw coal from the Forth Bridge as they passed beneath it, contemptuous of the navy’s cowardice.
When the War came to an end two and a half years later, however, the Battle came to be seen in a new light, for the German ships had never again ventured en masse outside their harbours on the Baltic coast.
After the Armistice, the surrendered German fleet in all its humiliated glory was escorted by the Allied fleet in a line on either side, ‘like sheepdogs,’ to Scapa Flow in the Orkneys. Here it remained, with skeleton crews, while peace negotiations took place far away.
The Commander of the Fleet, Rear Admiral Ludwig von Reuter, was kept in the dark. He was only able to calculate that on the day of reckoning he would be obliged to either hand over his ships to the enemy or refuse to and be swiftly overcome. He and his senior officers came to a third – as they saw it more honourable - option.
On 21st June 1919 it so happened that a number of the British ships in the Flow went out on manoeuvres. It also happened that a party of Scottish children were taken around the Flow on an excursion to see the German prisoner ships close-up. What they witnessed instead was an extraordinary sight, and first-hand lesson in history.
‘Suddenly, without any warning and almost simultaneously, these huge vessels began to lift over to port or to starboard,’ James Taylor, fifteen at the time, wrote many years later. ‘Some heeled over and plunged headlong.’
The German navy were scuttling their fleet.

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SMS Emden, SMS Frankfurt and SMS Bremse entering Scapa Flow
‘Out of the vents rushed steam and oil and air with a dreadful roaring hiss. Vast clouds of white vapour rolled up from the sides of the ships. Sullen rumblings and crashing of chains increase the uproar as the great hulls slant giddily over and slide with horrible sucking and gurgling noises under the water.’
British sailors tried to curtail the scuttle. Shots were fired at unarmed German sailors rowing away from the sinking ships. Nine died, sixteen were wounded.
German Admiral Reinhard Scheer declared, ‘I rejoice. The stain of surrender has been wiped from the escutcheon of the German Fleet. The sinking of these ships has proved that the spirit of the fleet is not dead. This last act is true to the best traditions of the German Navy.’
Eventually fifty-two warships, weighing 400,000 tons, lay on the ocean floor. ‘Where they are sunk, they shall rest and rust,’ proclaimed the Admiralty. ‘There can be no question of salving them.’
Postscript: the story of the German Fleet continued. During the nineteen-twenties the price of metal on international markets kept rising. The British government became aware of the huge tonnage of metals in deep water in the Orkneys. A contract was put out to tender and won by a Birmingham scrap metal merchant, who had no experience of marine salvage.
Ernest Cox’s ignorance would prove a great hindrance but, in the end, a blessing. He raised the lighter destroyers, using winches and cables, but continually failed with the far bigger (and more valuable) sunken battleships.

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After three years of expensive effort, close to ruin, Cox came up with a new idea of his own. Previous opinion held that it was possible to suck the water out of a submerged vessel. Instead, Cox’s crews made the hull of battlecruiser SMS watertight. Then they pumped air into it. It took many days until a state of positive buoyancy was reached, and all of a sudden this leviathan came groaning and bubbling and shooting up to the surface, resurrected.
The process was repeated with the other big ships. Today only seven of the fifty-two wrecks remain in Scapa Flow.
Tim Pears's new novel, The Redeemed, opens in 1916 with young Leo Sercombe, boy seaman in the Royal Navy, hauling coal aboard battlecruiser HMS Queen Mary. Neither Leo nor anyone else has any idea, but it is the eve of the Battle of Jutland. The Queen Mary will go down, Leo one of her few survivors. He will go on to witness the Grand Scuttle of the German Fleet in Scapa Flow in 1919, then to work as a diver for redoubtable entrepreneurs salvaging the ships for their metal. The wild, unchanging West Country roads of his boyhood, where his childhood sweetheart Lottie has adventures of her own, seem very far away. In a world torn asunder by war, everything dances in flux: how can the old ways life survive, and how can the future be imagined, in the face of such unimaginable change? The final instalment in Tim Pears’s exquisite West Country Trilogy, The Redeemed is a timeless, stirring and exquisitely wrought story of love, loss and destiny fulfilled, and a bittersweet elegy to a lost world. Order your copy on the Bloomsbury Publishing website.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 26 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Полша купува четири Black Hawk за специалните си части - 2019-01-25 21:01:17
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Полша най-накрая избра нов вертолет за превоз на своите специални части, като обяви че поръчва четири броя Sikorsky S-70i Black Hawk, които ще бъдат доставени в рамките на 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 29 яну 2019, 12:00

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1. Швейцария стартира процеса на избор на нов изтребител - 2019-01-28 21:00:10
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Швейцария стартира процеса на избор на нов боен самолет за ВВС на страната. Това стана след като на 25 януари 2019 г. страната получи оферти от пет компании произвеждащи изтребители.


2. Нови политически престрелки около покупката на F-16 - 2019-01-28 20:21:21
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Покупката на изтребителите F-16 предизвика нова порция престрелки между президента Радев и правителството. Това стана днес, 28 януари 2019 г., и бе свързано с отчетната пресконференция на президента по случай две години от встъпването му в длъжност. Президентът заяви, че конкурсът, който е избрал F-16 е бил бутафорен, докато военният министър му отвърна, че българските ВВС ще летят на най-добрия самолет.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 30 яну 2019, 12:00

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1. Ако има пари ВВС на САЩ ще поръчат нови F-15 - 2019-01-29 21:38:08
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Ако бюджетът позволява, ВВС на САЩ ще поръчат новопроизведени изтребители F-15 от подобрената версия, която е известна, като F-15X. Това е заявил командващият ВВС на САЩ генерал Дейвид Голдфейн пред Defense News.


2. Борисов: Невъзможно е да правим далавери с Тръмп и САЩ за изтребителите - 2019-01-29 20:47:15
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Премиерът Бойко Борисов заяви, че няма как да се правят далавери с американския президент Доналд Тръмп и със САЩ по въпроса за покупката на нов изтребител и каза, че процедурата е напълно прозрачна, защото минала през Народното събрание. Това Борисов заяви днес, 29 януари 2019 г.


3. Спряха поръчката за ремонт на Ан-30 - 2019-01-29 14:50:17
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Процедурата за възлагане на обществена поръчка за ремонт и удължаване на ресурса на единствения Ан-30 се прекратява. Това се чете в решение на министъра на отбраната Красимир Каракачанов от 28 януари 2019 г. Мотивите за това са открити нарушения.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 30 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. ANNOUNCEMENT: EMBERS OF MEMORY: A THRONE OF GLASS GAME - 2019-01-30 15:00:47
OSPREY GAMES TO PUBLISH EMBERS OF MEMORY: A THRONE OF GLASS GAME, BASED ON THE #1 GLOBAL BESTSELLING SERIES FROM SARAH J. MAAS

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Osprey Games is delighted to announce that we will be publishing Embers of Memory: A Throne of Glass Game, a lavishly illustrated card game set during the events of Kingdom of Ash, the epic climax to the #1 global bestselling Throne of Glass series from Sarah J. Maas. Published by Bloomsbury Publishing plc the award-winning Young Adult fantasy series charts Aelin Galathynius’ journey from slave to assassin to queen.
Publishing in October 2019, Embers of Memory: A Throne of Glass Game is a two-player co-operative card game based on a game design by Kuro, featuring stunning, specially commissioned artwork from Coralie Jubénot. Working together, players must help Aelin as she faces one of the toughest challenges of her life. With each victory the players achieve, the story unfolds and the difficulty increases, leaving the fate of Aelin and her people in the balance.
Speaking about the project, Sarah J. Maas said “I am so excited to see the Throne of Glass series brought to life in an all-new medium! Coralie Jubénot's art for the game is beyond incredible, and I can’t wait to sit down and play!” Filip Falk Hartelius, Games Developer at Osprey Games, commented “It’s been incredibly exciting to work with Sarah on this project. I think we’ve created something special that the fans are going to love.”
Preorder your copy of the game today!
***
Aelin Galathynius has given up her freedom for the sake of her people. Held captive by the Queen of the Fae and tortured for information, her only companions are a silent prisoner and her own mind. The image of her mother, her lover, her friends. The embers of her memory, and a voice, deep inside...
"You will not yield."
Embers of Memory: A Throne of Glass Game is a two-player co-operative card game set during the events of Kingdom of Ash, the epic climax to Sarah J. Maas' Throne of Glass series. Working together, you must delve into the memories of the young queen and help her face her inner demons before she is overwhelmed. Be warned – each challenge you face is more complex than the last, testing the bond between you and your partner to its limit.
About Sarah J. Maas
Sarah J. Maas is the #1 New York Times and internationally bestselling author of the Young Adult series Throne of Glass and A Court of Thorns and Roses, as well as the upcoming adult series Crescent City. Her books are published in over thirty-six languages. A New York native, Sarah lives near Philadelphia with her husband, son, and dog.
sarahjmaas.com
facebook.com/theworldofsarahjmaas
Instagram: therealsjmaas
About Kuro
Kuro is a Japanese game designer, best known outside Japan as the designer of Seventh Hero. He is a main member of the small-press Japanese publisher Manifest Destiny.
About Coralie Jubénot
Coralie Jubénot is a self-taught French artist who worked many years with traditional mediums before transitioning to a career in digital art. Passionate about character design, she draws her influences from both comic book art and Renaissance painting.
About Osprey Games
Osprey Games is the dedicated games division of Osprey Publishing (part of Bloomsbury Publishing plc) and publishes a wide range of wargames, card games, and board games. Launched in 2014, the company has produced an array of critically acclaimed titles, including Frostgrave: Fantasy Wargames in the Frozen City, Bolt Action, Odin’s Ravens, and The Lost Expedition.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 31 яну 2019, 12:00

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1. Секретарят по отбраната на САЩ критикува F-35 - 2019-01-30 21:27:58
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Изпълняващият длъжността секретар (министър) по отбраната на САЩ Патрик Шанахан критикува проекта F-35 и заяви, че от самолета се очаква повече. Това каза той вчера, 29 януари 2019 г., по време на брифинг за журналисти в Пентагона.


2. Повече от половината българи подкрепят президента Радев по темата за новия изтребител - 2019-01-30 20:57:29
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59% от българите подкрепят критичната позиция на президента Румен Радев, която той изразява по процедурата за избор на нов боен самолет за българските ВВС. Това показва експресен сондаж на общественото мнение, който бе публикуван днес, 30 януари 2019 г. от социологическата агенция „Галъп интернешънал”.


3. ВВС получиха ремонтиран L-410 - 2019-01-30 20:34:57
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Военновъздушните сили получиха своя първи ремонтиран военно-транспортен самолет L-410UVP-E. Машината е кацнала около 15,30 часа днес, 30 януари 2019 г., на летище София. Това съобщават от ВВС.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 01 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Emirates обмислят отказ от още A380, което ще бъде фактически край на програмата - 2019-01-31 21:50:59
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Дубайската авиокомпания Emirates сериозно разсъждава над това да замени поръчката си за A380 с поръчка за по-малкия A350. Ако това стане факт, то е много вероятно Airbus да спре производството на типа. Това съобщават източници на Reuters.


2. Армения купува Су-30СМ - 2019-01-31 21:21:08
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Армения е купила от Русия многоцелеви изтребители Су-30СМ. Това са съобщили от арменското военно министерство в отговор на запитване от руски медии.


3. Германия купува още Eurofigther и избира между него и Super Hornet за заместник на Tornado - 2019-01-31 20:53:03
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Германия ще купи още новопроизведени изтребители Eurofighter, които ще заменят сега експлоатираните Eurofighter Tranche 1 и ще избере между този тип и F/A-18 Super Hornet за замяна на изтребителите-бомбардировачи Tornado. Това съобщи източници в германското МО цитирани от германски медии.


4. Първите произведени F-35B ще трябва да се подменят около 2026 г. - 2019-01-31 20:13:47
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Първите произведени изтребители от пето поколение F-35B ще трябва вероятно да се подменят, тъй като ще са достигнали до края на жизнения си цикъл по отношение на часове във въздуха. Това се казва в доклад за състоянието на програмата F-35, който се цитира от Aviation Week.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 01 фев 2019, 18:00

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1. Osprey Wargames in the Osprey Games Sale! - 2019-02-01 09:29:06
Looking to add some more wargames to your collection, but don’t want to break the bank? The Osprey Wargames series has always offered great value, and the Osprey Games sale means there are some incredible deals available. We’ve listed a few highlights below, or you can head to the Osprey Wargames page to browse the full range!
The discounts shown below are on the printed books. The eBook discount for each title is 40%. The Men Who Would Be Kings – 50% discount

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Written by Daniel Mersey
The Men Who Would Be Kings is a set of rules designed for fighting historical or Hollywood colonial battles in the mid to late 19th Century, from the Indian Mutiny to the Boxer Rebellion. Large scale colonial clashes tended to be one-sided affairs, but there are countless reports of brief, frantic skirmishes in every colonial war, where either side could be victorious, and these are the battles that The Men Who Would Be Kings seeks to recreate. Although focusing on the British colonial wars against the Zulus, Maoris and others, these rules will also permit players to explore the empires of France, Germany, and other nations, as well as allowing for battles between rival native factions. Gameplay is very simple, and is driven by the quality of the officers leading your units, in the true spirit of Victorian derring-do and adventure, where larger than life characters such as the (real) Fred Burnaby and the (fictional) Harry Flashman led their troops to glory and medals or a horrible end at the point of a spear tip.
Order your copy today! Poseidon’s Warriors – 50% discount

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Written by John Lambshead
Poseidon's Warriors is a set of wargaming rules for large-scale naval actions between fleets of Classical galleys from the Greek and Persian clash at the battle of Salamis to the battle of Actium that decided the fate of Rome. With so many of these battles taking place around islands or in narrow channels and shallow waters, sneaky tactics and cunning manoeuvres are a hallmark of warfare of this era, and the rules use an integrated turn system to allow a commander to position ships to go in and ram without being rammed in return, or to employ feints and traps to tempt the enemy out of position and leave his ships vulnerable to a follow-up strike. With data for ships throughout the period, rules for famous admirals, historical scenarios, a campaign system and a brief historical summary for those who wish to refresh their memory of the era, Poseidon's Warriors offers everything players need to bring to the tabletop the battles and campaigns of the first great age of naval warfare.
Order your copy today! Rogue Stars – 30% discount

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Written by Andrea Sfiligoi
Rogue Stars is a character-based science fiction skirmish wargame, where players command crews of bounty hunters, space pirates, merchants, prospectors, smugglers, mercenary outfits, planetary police and other such shady factions from the fringes of galactic civilisation. Crews can vary in size, typically from four to six, and the character and crew creation systems allow for practically any concept to be built. Detailed environmental rules that include options for flora, fauna, gravity, dangerous terrain and atmosphere, and scenario design rules that ensure that missions are varied and demand adaptation and cunning on the parts of the combatants, make practically any encounter possible. Run contraband tech to rebel fighters on an ocean world while hunted by an alien kill-team or hunt down a research vessel and fight zero-gravity boarding actions in the cold depths of space - whatever you can imagine, you can do.
Order your copy today! Dragon Rampant – 30% discount

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Written by Daniel Mersey
Whether you're a nameless Dark Lord looking to conquer the known world, a Champion of Light holding out against the forces of evil or a Northern barbarian facing claimants to a stolen throne, Dragon Rampant allows you to bring those battles to the tabletop. Developed from the popular Lion Rampant system, Dragon Rampant is a standalone wargame that recreates the great battles of Fantasy fiction. Scenarios, army lists, and full rules for magic and monsters give players the opportunity to command unruly orc warbands, raise armies of the undead, campaign across an antediluvian world as the warchief of a barbarian tribe, or exploit the power of mighty creatures and extraordinary sorcery. An army usually consists of 6-8 units comprised of 6-12 individually based figures. These small units move and fight independently, assuming that they follow your orders rather than just doing their own thing. Command and control is just as important on the battlefield as the power of a troll chieftain or the magic of an archmage.
Order your copy today! Outremer: Faith and Blood – 20% discount

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Written by Jamie Gordon
Outremer: Faith and Blood is a 28mm skirmish wargame featuring small groups of warriors fighting in Outremer during the Crusades. While suitable for one-off skirmish encounters the focus of the game is a structured and progressive campaign setting in which they are able to watch their force grow and develop over a series of scenarios and encounters from a small party of five or so soldiers into a powerful warband a score strong. Character development is key, and a wide range of troop options and factions allows a high degree of individuality and personalisation. Players will also be able to recruit mercenaries and agents such as Hashashin and Varangian survivors to bolster their forces - potent but expensive additions that will add a distinct flavour to each encounter.
Order your copy today! Gaslands – 20% discount

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Written by Mike Hutchinson
Shoot, ram, skid and loot your way through the ruins of civilisation with Gaslands, a tabletop wargame of car-on-car destruction in a post-apocalyptic wasteland. Players control small fleets of armed vehicles in battles for resources, dominance and survival. With rules for multiple vehicle types (from motorbikes to big rigs), varied special weapons and accessories (including oil slicks, caltrops and nitro boosters), and a host of options for scenarios, environmental conditions, crew and campaigns, players can tailor games to match their own visions for an anarchic future.
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2. February Book Vote and Last Month's Results - 2019-02-01 08:28:00
This month, Weapon is our series of choice for the Book Vote. Covering a range of history, this list of five new title ideas looks at weapons from the medieval knight right through to rifles of World War I. Which area of history grabs your attention more, which weapons do you want to know more about? Have a read of the descriptions below, and click the link to have your say!
Also, keep reading for the results of last month's New Vanguard book vote.
WPN: Weapons of the Medieval Knight

WPN: Weapons of the Ninja

WPN: Early Military Rifles

WPN: Weapons of the Civil War Cavalryman
WPN: Sniping Rifles of World War I
Weapons of the Medieval Knight
Whether fighting on horseback or on foot, the medieval man-at-arms employed a wide variety of formidable close-combat weaponry, from axes, hammers and maces to swords, daggers and lances. His choice of weapons was informed not only by the circumstances of battle, but also by the traditions of his homeland and his personal preferences. This study assesses the origins, effectiveness and legacy of a host of close-quarter weapons used by such troops in the context of medieval warfare, from pitched battles to siege operations.
Weapons of the Ninja
Separating the legends from the reality, this study investigates the weapons and equipment traditionally associated with the ninja, Japan’s secret agents and undercover warriors. A wide variety of objects, ranging from samurai edged weapons to agricultural tools, could be adopted, adapted and employed by the ninja, while specialized weapons such as blow pipes and throwing weapons were developed for their use. Also assessed are other elements of equipment used by the ninja, such as caltrops, torches, bombs and booby traps.
Early Military Rifles
During the 18th century both Austria and Prussia fielded light troops armed with rifled firearms, while conflicts in North America involved the deadly long rifle and the innovative Ferguson breech-loader. These highly accurate weapons were slow to load, meaning that the majority of the infantry retained the smoothbore flintlock musket. Rifle-armed specialists fought for several nations during the Napoleonic Wars, but it was the decades after 1815 that saw the appearance of successful rifled percussion firearms and the Minié ball, paving the way for the widespread issue of rifled weapons.
Weapons of the Civil War Cavalryman
During the American Civil War, the mounted soldiers fighting on both sides carried a wide array of weapons, from sabres and lances to carbines, revolvers and other firearms. The sheer variety of weaponry carried reflected the mounted soldiers’ various roles in different theatres of operation, but also the availability – or otherwise – of weapons, notably on the Confederate side. This study assesses the effectiveness of the various weapons equipping the Civil War cavalryman and the consequent decisions made concerning the armament of the US cavalry after 1865.
Sniping Rifles of World War I
In August 1914, only Germany fielded snipers equipped with scoped rifles, but as the initial clashes gave way to trench warfare other combatants – notably Britain and France, later joined by the United States – also employed sharpshooters on the battlefield. German and Austrian snipers were also active on other fronts, as were Italian snipers in the Alps. This study investigates the firearms adapted for sniping by the various combatants, along with the scopes and other accessories employed by snipers during World War I, and the evolution of sniping doctrine and practice.
Make your vote by clicking here!
Last month's book vote received quite a bit of attention, and saw Polish Warships sail into first place. Despite some competition initially, it wasn't enough to see the warships knocked off the top spot. NVG: Warships of the Republic of Venice 17% NVG: Combat Airboats 1915–2015 6% NVG: Warships of the Spanish Civil War 14% NVG: Polish Warships 1939-45 56% NVG: The Modern Indian Navy 7%


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 02 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Министърът и заместник-министърът на отбраната се срещнаха с представители на шведското правителство - 2019-02-01 14:48:34
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Швеция демонстрира позакъснял опит за дипломатическа активност по въпроса за придобиването на нов изтребител за България, като в рамките на няколко дни представители на правителството на кралството се срещнаха с министърът на отбраната Красимир Каракачанов и неговият заместник Атанас Запрянов. Това става ясно от съобщения на МО.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 03 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Четвърто удължаване на срока за подаване на оферти за концесия на летище София - 2019-02-02 19:19:37
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Вчера, 1 февруари 2019 г. министърът на транспорта Росен Желязков с Решение № РК-7, одобри срокът за подаване на оферти за концесиониране на летище София да бъде удължен до 3 април 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 05 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Посланик Рубин: Не е имало натиск от САЩ към България за покупката на F-16 - 2019-02-04 19:44:48
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Посланикът на САЩ у нас Ерик Рубин заяви, че страната му не е оказвала натиск на България да купи F-16, но в същото време акцентира, че България твърде дълго отлага покупката на нов изтребител. Това каза той днес, 4 февруари 2019 г., в интервю излъчено в сутрешния блок на bTV.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 06 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Рекорден прием в Долна Митрополия за 2019 г. - 2019-02-05 18:23:27
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Рекордните 15 курсанти по специалност „летец-пилоти” ще приеме през 2019 г. Националният военен университет (НВУ) „Васил Левски”. Това се чете в заповед на министъра на отбраната Красимир Каракачанов от 8 януари 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 06 фев 2019, 18:00

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1. Judge Dredd: What's Going On in the Cursed Earth? - 2019-02-06 09:31:00
Judge Dredd: The Cursed Earth is an adventure card game coming out on 21 February. Preorder your copy before that date and you'll receive a promo pack with three new adventure cards, bringing an even greater challenge to the irradiated wasteland!
There's just over two weeks left until Judge Dredd: The Cursed Earth will be heading to tabletops around the globe. In this 1-4 player adventure card game, you'll be tracking down a citizen harbouring a deadly disease, but why is it so important that you find him? Well, this comic, drawn by Dredd artist Dan Cornwell, should give you the details you need!

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Judge Dredd: The Cursed Earth comes out on 21 February, with a special preorder promo pack available to anyone who preorders before that date (more details available here). Will you be venturing into the irradiated wasteland?


2. Jack Northrop's Flying Wings Aircraft - 2019-02-05 16:05:00
Today on the blog we are joined by Peter E. Davies, author of Northrop Flying Wings, who explores the origins of the flying wings and the work of aircraft designer Jack Northrop.
There can be few more awe-inspiring sights in the skies than the black, bat-wing shape of a Northrop Grumman B-2A bomber. Seventy years ago, Northrop’s first flying wing bomber, with a broadly similar appearance, elicited even more public amazement. It seemed to belong to a futuristic scenario like the science-fiction film War of the Worlds, in which it later appeared. With a wingspan that was coincidentally the same as the B-2A’s, a top speed only 50mph slower but with only half the engine power, Northrop’s YB-49 pioneered concepts which are now accepted as fundamental for low-drag, stealthy aircraft. For Northrop, the fact that his bomber was stealthy was an unexpected bonus at a time when radar was still a comparatively recent invention.
For most of the 116 years since the Wright Brothers brought heavier-than-air flight to the world our conventional image of an aircraft usually includes a fuselage, a wing (or two) and a tail unit. In fact, in its earliest days – extending back to the 15th century – those who attempted to design aircraft envisaged machines that imitated birds or bats. Although early efforts to simulate flapping wings were short-lived, the concept of a wing-based vehicle with minimal body mass and little or no tail persisted into the 19th century. Visionary scientists like Sir George Cayley, Otto Lilienthal and Alphonse Pénaud conceived bird-like gliders. By the early 20th century designers including John Dunne and René Arnoux were adding early combustion engines to tailless projects and similar initiatives were under way in England, Russia, Germany and France in the 1920s. However, these projects were generally seen as somewhat eccentric diversions from the mainstream of aircraft design. Today we can see in them the origins of air vehicles whose appearance will become increasingly conventional in the 21st century.
In the 1930s a series of German aeronautical engineers took the flying wing concept beyond the novelty stage and began to influence established designers elsewhere. Alexander Lippisch built his Delta V monoplane in 1937 and he used that experience to work on the Me 163 tailless rocket fighter of World War II. Reimar and Walter Horten produced tailless creations in 1933–34. By 1944 they incorporated newly-invented jet engines into their Ho 229 flying wing fighter which, like the Me 163, might have been developed into an effective warplane if the war had continued. So would several other all-wing bomber and fighter designs on German drawing boards in 1945, many of which were taken to the USA and Russia at the end of the war for close study.
The flying wing idea had already aroused interest in the USA in the early 1940s. Boeing’s B-17 bomber was preceded by the Model 306 (XB-15 derivative) with an all-wing basis. In 1941 Consolidated Vultee sketched a huge, all-wing alternative to their B-36 Peacemaker with a wingspan of 288ft and sufficient range to bomb Germany from continental US bases. Those designs gave way to conventional formats but one designer persisted with the tailless philosophy. In 1939 John Knudsen Northrop, whose aeronautical training was confined to practical car mechanics and making models to simulate the flight of seabirds, created the first of the tailless aircraft which were to become his main contribution to aviation history, despite the many setbacks he would face in promoting the concept.
He acquired aircraft building skills while working on the earliest Lockheed ventures, and in 1923 Northrop also contributed design ideas to Charles Lindbergh’s Spirit of St Louis monoplane and the successful Lockheed Vega series. Six years later he had his own company and his first flying wing, the Avion Model 1, was built, which pioneered stressed-skin wing construction. The 1930s brought turbulent changes to his business arrangements with other companies, including a takeover by Douglas Aircraft which prevented him from pursuing his flying-wing ambition for ten years.

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Northrop N1M aircraft at the National Air and Space Museum's Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Virginia, USA.
Source: Sanjay Acharya, Wikimedia
His third company, set up in 1939 as Northrop Aircraft, Inc. enabled him to build the first purely Northrop flying wing, the little N-1M. Powered by small twin piston engines, it could be used to test modifications to its all-wing format, its wing-tip ‘drag rudders’ in place of a conventional tail, and a shape which was actually inspired by the curved, wing-shaped Zanonia seed from Australia, known for its excellent gliding properties. Gradually Northrop, a quietly persistent spirit, involved important research scientists like Dr Theodore von Kármán in wind-tunnel testing which demonstrated the efficiency of the flying wing in reducing drag and extending range. Funded by wartime contract work on other military aircraft Northrop began work on his N-2B/XP-56 tailless fighter and XP-79 rocket-powered all-wing interceptor at a time when the need for new high-performance combat aircraft opened the way to many adventurous designs. Both involved highly innovative design features such as an engine with two ‘pusher’ contra-rotating propellers and for the XP-79 a prone pilot cockpit and four-skid undercarriage. Sadly, although both had promising characteristics they exhibited control problems that caused accidents which ended their development prospects.
In the same atmosphere of wartime pressure Northrop also saw that his basic concept could be used to build a long-range bomber capable of attacking Germany from the USA. Although that contract went to Consolidated for their B-36, Northrop impressed the USAAF with his proposal for a faster, simpler flying wing bomber: the XB-35. Preceded by a one-third-scale proof of concept N-9M with two ‘pusher’ piston engines, the futuristic XB-35 spanned 172ft and used contra-rotating propellers on four R-4360 radial engines to carry 2,000lbs of bombs for up to 8,000 miles. Sadly, the ‘monster new bat bomber’ was plagued by frustrating gearbox and transmission problems that delayed its development so much that the hoped-for contract for 200 aircraft was cancelled in the more austere post-war climate. Although the benefits of the flying wing in terms of handling, capacity and speed were evident the aircraft needed an autopilot to improve its lateral stability and far better engines to meet the USAAF’s performance requirements.
Jack Northrop then turned to the then-new technology of jet propulsion to provide reliability and increase speed. Although the aircraft, re-designated YB-49A, flew better, the thick wing of the basic design limited its speed, while the fuel-thirsty early jet engines reduced range. Although the USAF remained interested in bomber or reconnaissance versions its test pilots were not satisfied with the YB-49A’s stability or stalling behaviour. An accident during their tests killed a crew led by Capt. Glen Edwards (whose name was given posthumously to Edwards AFB). It was attributed, probably unfairly, to unacceptable stall-spin faults but it was followed by poor results in bombing trials (due mainly to the unavailability of a suitable auto-stabilization system) and a decline in USAF interest.

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The YRB-49 takes to the skies for the first time
Northrop promoted several alternatives; a YRB-49A reconnaissance-bomber with external podded engines, a turboprop-powered version, a transport variant and another capable of carrying bombs externally, but the USAF turned to Boeing for its B-47 bomber, followed by the B-52. Northrop fought hard to find a niche for his design and the YB-49A performed some impressive demonstration flights but he was up against the basic conservatism of Strategic Air Command’s General Curtis LeMay. All B-49 work was included in the 1949 budget cuts and Northrop workers had to watch the line of uncompleted aircraft being cut up by salvage crews. Jack Northrop left the aircraft industry at the end of 1952.
Despite the commercial failure of his flying wing projects Jack Northrop remains an inspiring and sympathetic figure and one who was always ahead of his time. As a highly imaginative and innovative designer he has few parallels and he combined those qualities with quiet patience, strong principles and admirable devotion to his work-force. Sadly, he also lacked the aggressive business acumen and the good luck that his individual approach required in the highly competitive world of defence contracts. His conventional designs like the P-61 Black Widow were valuable but he will be remembered as the man who had the courage to follow his dream of building a better type of aircraft. He did at least live long enough to see that dream finally realized in the early work on Northrop’s B-2A Spirit bomber, made possible by Jack’s initiatives coupled with the computerized, auto-stabilized flying controls which were not available to him. Almost a century after his first vision of all-wing flight the wheel has apparently turned full circle, as the B-2 will be followed by the similar but more numerous B-21 Raider. Northrop’s influence continues in various forms in many designs for future manned and unmanned aircraft. The flying wing story is one of unprecedented innovation, unstinting work, frustration and tragedy – but eventual triumph.
Peter E Davies specializes in recent American combat and experimental aircraft and he has published over thirty books on those areas of aviation. He has written four previous books in the X-Planes series and the latest is on the revolutionary Northrop Flying Wings.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 08 фев 2019, 12:00

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1. Dassault предаде първия Rafale на Катар - 2019-02-07 21:47:37
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Френският самолетостроител Dassault предаде първия многоцелев изтребител Rafale на Катар. Церемонията се състоя вчера, 7 февруари 2019 г., в завода на компанията в Мариняк, край Бордо.


2. Франция и Германия подписаха първите договори за разработка на изтребител от следващо поколение - 2019-02-07 19:46:53
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Правителствата на Франция и Германия подписаха договори с Airbus, Dassault, Safran Aircraft Engines и MTU Aero Engines за старт на разработката на изтребителя и безпилотните системи от следващо поколение, известни като програмата Future Air Combat System (FCAS). Това стана днес, 7 февруари 2019 г.


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