Новини - литература и периодика - Архив 2019г.

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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 14 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. ДПС решават във вторник за преговорите за F-16 - 2019-01-13 18:14:18
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Парламентарната група на ДПС ще реши във вторник, дали ще гласува „за” правителственото искане за стартиране на преговори за придобиване на F-16. Това заяви днес, 13 януари 2019 г., депутатът от партията Хамид Хамид в ефира на БНР, но и намекна, че най-вероятно решението ще бъде подкрепено.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 15 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Свръхнатоварване в бойното дежурство отчитат в Граф Игнатиево - 2019-01-14 21:00:26
Изображение
На 11 януари 2018 г. в авиобаза Граф Игнатиево се проведе годишният анализ на подготовката на личния състав от базата в присъствието на командира на Военновъздушните сили генерал-майор Цанко Стойков. Това съобщиха от авиобазата.


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1. The Aerial Dimension of Operation Catapult - 2019-01-15 12:30:00
Today on the blog, Ryan K. Noppen, author of French Battleships 1914–45, writes about the lesser known aerial dimension of the British Royal Navy's Operation Catapult during World War II.
Operation Catapult, the attempt by the British Royal Navy to neutralize the battleships and other important units of the French Marine Nationale on July 3–8, 1940 following the conclusion of the Franco-German armistice, proved to be the largest naval campaign involving the French navy of World War II. From the North Sea to the Mediterranean to the Central Atlantic, most of the battleships of the Marine Nationale were demobilized, damaged, or sunk in an effort to keep them out of the hands of the Germans. Operation Catapult would have strategic ramifications regarding the course of the war in Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. On one hand it would prove to be an effective statement to both Germany and the United States of Churchill’s fierce determination to carry on the war following the surrender of France; on the other, the attacks had effectively forced a wedge between the British and Marshal Philippe Pétain’s government, known formally after July 10, 1940 as the État Français and colloquially as Vichy France. Diplomatic relations between the two were severed on July 8.
Much of the historical focus on the legacy of Operation Catapult is upon the beginning of a period of informal conflict between the British (and later Allies) and Vichy French, the polarization of the French armed forces between the Free French and Vichy French movements, and the break up of the pre-armistice French navy. There is another consequence of Operation Catapult, however, which stems from a lesser-known dimension of the attacks – the aerial dimension. The French aerial responses to these British attacks were directly responsible for the creation of the Armée de l’Air de l’armistice or Vichy French air force.
Just as the Marine Nationale had evacuated its most valuable units to North Africa in the final days of the Battle of France pending the outcome of the armistice negotiations with Germany, the French Armée de l’Air, or air force, had done likewise with most of its modern and operational aircraft. As was the case for the battleships of the Marine National, the Franco-German Armistice, signed on the evening of June 22, 1940, called for the disarmament and demobilization of aircraft in French territories not under German occupation. On June 30, after specific details had been worked out by the Franco-German armistice commission, Petain’s government reluctantly ordered the Armée de l’Air to begin its demobilization; the Germans demanded that all aircraft were to be partially disassembled, with their controls, propellers, wheels, and armament removed. The Germans intended that throughout the armistice the French should not possess an air force, just like the condition that had been imposed upon Germany by the Allies in the Armistice of 1918; the French were to be allowed only a handful of light aircraft for courier and colonial liaison duties. The armistice commission mandated that the demobilization of the Armée de l’Air and the shipment of aircraft to designated storage depots in metropolitan France be completed by September 1, 1940. This was the state of French air power when the Royal Navy’s Force H, centered around the aircraft carrier Ark Royal and battleships Hood, Resolution, and Valiant, arrived off of the Algerian port of Mers el-Kébir on the morning of July 3, 1940.

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Air Corps General Roger Jean Eugène Pennes
After Vice Admiral Marcel Gensoul, commander of the Force du Raid (the battleships Dunkerque, Strasbourg, Bretagne, Provence, and escorting destroyers) received the British ultimatum to neutralize his force one way or another, he ordered his vessels and the port’s defenses to prepare to defend themselves – this in spite of the fact that Gensoul’s battleships and the shore batteries around the port had begun disarmament and demobilization measures. Gensoul also sent a message to Général de Division Roger Pennès, commandant des forces aériennes et des forces anti-aériennes de l’Afrique du Nord (AFN) or air force and antiaircraft forces commander North Africa, asking for air support against a British attack and to provide air cover for his vessels; if attacked Gensoul intended to fight his way out to open sea. Pennès referred Gensoul’s request for air cover to his superiors and at 11:30 received authorization to rearm his aircraft and allow his units to undertake defensive operations. There were a substantial number of fighters and bombers based at La Sénia and Saint-Denis-du-Sig airfields outside of Oran but all had already been disarmed and were in the process of being demobilized. French ground crews went furiously to work throughout the morning and afternoon; by the time the British ultimatum was set to expire several Curtiss H-75 fighters of Groupe de Chasse GC II/5 La Fayette based at Saint-Denis-du-Sig were ready for combat. The H-75 was an export version of the Curtiss P-36 radial-engine monoplane fighter which entered United States Army Air Corps service in the spring of 1938. Desperate to boost its fighter strength in the face of German rearmament, the Armée de l’Air ordered over 300 H-75 variants, most being delivered before the Franco-German armistice. While underpowered and slow compared to the Supermarine Spitfire Mk.I and the Messerschmitt Bf 109E, the H-75 had lighter controls and was more maneuverable; the H-75s performed very well during the Battle of France, accounting for around one-third of the Armée de l’Air’s combat kills.
At 16:30 the British ultimatum expired and as the British negotiators left Admiral Gensoul’s flagship, the battleships of Force H positioned themselves to open fire. At 16:45 Gensoul radioed General Pennès, requesting fighter cover, as he was preparing to head out to sea. Three H-75s of GC II/5 scrambled and arrived over Mers el-Kébir shortly after the British began their bombardment. From above they observed the sinking of the battleship Bretagne, the grounding of Dunkerque and Provence, but also the escape from the harbor of the Strasbourg. At first the British commander, Admiral Sir James Somerville, did not believe the initial reports from his reconnaissance aircraft that Strasbourg had escaped, but once confirmed he ordered the carrier Ark Royal to mount air attacks against the escaping French battleship. The first of these, consisting of six Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers armed with bombs and four Blackburn Skua fighter escorts, arrived over the target at 18:45, but in the ensuing attack the Swordfish achieved no hits. The H-75s, covering the Strasbourg from a distance, intercepted the British attack and hampered the bombing runs of the Swordfish. The Skua fighters engaged the French defenders but were woefully outmatched; the Skua was a two-seat multi-role carrier aircraft which had a maximum speed of only 225mph, almost 100mph slower than the H-75. In this first battle between former allies the French pilots were not overly aggressive, not pressing their attacks hard, but one Skua fell to the guns of the H-75 piloted by Adjudant-chef André Legrand. Two of the H-75s were lightly damaged but the French suffered no losses. GC II/5 was able to provide fighter cover over the waters off Mers el-Kébir until nightfall.

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On July 3 Armée de l’Air ground crews were only able to prepare the fighters of GC II/5 for defensive action; there had not been enough time to remobilize the bombers stationed around Oran for an attack on Force H. By the afternoon of July 4 however several bombardment units had made a number of aircraft ready for combat. Furious over the attack at Mers el-Kébir, Petain’s government authorized General Pennès to conduct a retaliatory strike against the British on July 4. Late that evening eight Lioré et Olivier LeO 451 medium bombers of Groupe de Bombardement GB II/23 based at Meknès airfield in Morocco took off for a raid against the vessels of Force H anchored at Gibraltar. The LeO 451 was the most capable bomber in the Armée de l’Air at the time, a sleek twin-engine mid-wing design with a maximum speed of 300mph and a capacity for seven 200kg bombs. Two of the bombers suffered mechanical problems en route and were forced to return to base but the remaining six arrived over Gibraltar’s harbor after midnight. The bombers attacked at high altitude, hoping to avoid British antiaircraft fire, but the bombs fell harmlessly into the bay, well away from any targets; the attack force returned to base with no losses or damage.
On July 5, due to misleading reports that the battleship Dunkerque was still operational, the Royal Navy dispatched Force H to again attack the vessel at Mers el-Kébir. At dawn on July 6, Ark Royal launched three attack waves, the first consisting of six Swordfish and the second and third each containing three Skuas and three Swordfish. The first wave of Swordfish attacked with complete surprise, the French failing to detect the British approach due to poor visibility conditions. Again Admiral Gensoul called for fighter cover and several H-75s of GC II/5 took to the air. Two of the fighters were over the harbor by the time the British second and third waves attacked. Sgt. Chef Justin Gisclon shot down one of the Skuas in flames while another Skua was heavily damaged and had to ditch at sea; two of the Swordfish were also damaged.
Having been surprise-attacked twice at Mers el-Kébir Amiral de la Flotte François Darlan, commander of the Marine Nationale, requested another strike against Force H by the Armée de l’Air. A French reconnaissance aircraft reported Force H at sea in the western Mediterranean on July 10 and in the late afternoon nine LeO 451s of GB I/11 at Saint-Denis-du-Sig airfield were dispatched against it. Miscommunications prevented the bombers from locating Force H and after ditching their bombs they returned to base. By the end of the day on July 10, the Armée de l’Air on its own initiative had reactivated its aircraft, conducted over 200 sorties, and destroyed or damaged six British aircraft since the first attack on Mers el-Kébir.

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The German military leadership, including Adolf Hitler in particular, were surprised at the French military response during and after Operation Catapult; the high command was actually pleased as it showed the French were willing to defend themselves against British attack – particularly as Hitler’s generals did not wish to commit German units and resources to the defense of unoccupied France and its colonies. Following the British attacks Petain’s government requested from the Franco-German armistice commission that the terms of the armistice be altered, granting the Vichy French state an air force for the purpose of home and colonial defense. On August 5, 1940, the armistice commission informed Petain’s government that it would postpone the full demobilization of the Armée de l’Air pending the threat of continued offensive action by the British. Furthermore it temporarily allowed for the reactivation of 14 fighter groups, 19 bomber groups, 12 reconnaissance groups, and 6 observation squadrons – roughly 800 aircraft – in metropolitan France and its African and Middle Eastern colonies. At the time the Germans saw this concession as merely temporary, but the Vichy state saw this as a step towards a higher degree of military autonomy – a symbolic factor to officials and officers still coming to grips with the rapid defeat of their armed forces by a nation which they had brought to its knees roughly 20 years prior. Subsequent Armée de l’Air combat missions against the British in late September 1940, in response to a British attempt to seize the French port of Dakar in West Africa, would later convince the Germans to grant further aerial concessions to the French, to the extent that Vichy French state was able to maintain a sizeable air force throughout its existence – an unintended and unforeseen consequence of the British decision to neutralize France’s battleships.
To learn more purchase Osprey’s New Vanguard title, French Battleships 1914–45, by Ryan K. Noppen.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 16 яну 2019, 12:04

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Аеро - Българското списание за авиация

1. Парламентът гласува разрешение за преговори за покупка на F-16 (на живо) - 2019-01-16 07:42:23
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Народното събрание започва ще гласува днес, 16 януари 2019 г. правителственото предложение за стартиране на преговори за покупка на изтребители F-16 Block 70 и фактическото анулиране на Инвестиционния проект, който бе гласувано през юни 2018 г. от Парламента. Отразяваме дебатите на живо.


2. БСП отново атакува концесията на летище София - 2019-01-15 18:51:48
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БСП отново ще направи опит да прекрати концесията на летище София, като внася сигнал до Европейската комисия (ЕК), твърдейки че условията на концесията са фактическа държавна помощ. Това стана ясно днес, 15 януари 2019 г.


3. Стартираха командно-инструкторски полети с L-39 в Граф Игнатиево - 2019-01-15 18:27:06
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С провеждане на инструкторско-методически летателен ден започнаха първите полети на командно-инструкторския състав на самолет L-39ZA в авиобаза Граф Игнатиево днес, 15 януари 2019 г. Това съобщават от ВВС.


4. Безмер с 500 полета през 2018 г. - 2019-01-15 17:52:47
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Успешно изпълнение на поставените от Командването на ВВС цели и задачи, въпреки значителното забавяне на възобновяването на плановата летателна дейност отчете База за предно разполагане - Безмер на състоялия се на 14 януари Анализ на подготовката и войсковия ред през 2018 г.


5. Ресорните комисии в НС очаквано подкрепиха преговорите за F-16 - 2019-01-15 16:32:58
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Очаквано, ресорните комисии по отбрана и финанси подкрепиха правителственото предложение за стартиране на преговори със САЩ за покупка на изтребители F-16. Това стана днес, 15 януари 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 16 яну 2019, 18:00

Blog
Blog

1. Rebels and Patriots Battle Report - Union Forces versus the Confederacy! - 2019-01-16 09:45:00
Michael Leck is back on the blog in the build up to the release of Rebels and Patriots, the upcoming wargame written by Michael Leck and Daniel Mersey. Here we have a full battle report, with Michael's Union forces taking on the Confederacy, commanded by his son. This blog was first posted on Michael's personal blog.

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There’s not even 2 weeks left until the official publication of Rebels and Patriots! In this blog, I will shed some light on some of the rule mechanics through a battle report, answering some of the questions you have had for me.
All the examples are from a game my son David and I ran today. It was set during the American Civil War, with David commanding the Confederate forces and I the Union. I was so sure of the Union victory that I even fielded a weakened force – 18 points to David’s 24!

Union OOB - 18 points
3 units of Line Infantry @ 4 points each
3 units of Skirmishers @ 2 points each

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Confederate OOB - 24 points
3 units of Line Infantry @ 4 points each
2 units of Skirmishers @ 2 points each
1 unit of Light Cavalry @ 4 points
1 unit of Light Artillery @ 4 points

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First let’s look at some dice probabilities for the 2D6 roll that is vital to Activate your units in Rebels and Patriots. To success with Activation, Morale, etc you need to roll 6+ with 2D6, which can be modified depending on the situation, quality of the troops, Officers etc.
It is also worth noting that you don’t end your turn if you fail to activate a unit, you still have a chance to activate all your units during your turn.

An unmodified 2D6 roll has a 72% chance of a 6+, and thereby succeed, which is fairly good and will let you activate 4-5 of your units each turn if you have 6 units in your force.
However, I don’t want 30% of my force to sit on their butts each turn, so I do what I can to increase my chance to activate them. For example, if I manage to have them all within command (12” of my Officers unit) then they all gain +1 on the 2D6 roll, increasing their chance for activation to 83%.
If I keep my units (the ones that can) in Close Order they also gain +1 on all Activations. As these bonuses can stack a unit in Close Order within 12” of the Officers unit will gain +2 on their roll, giving them an impressive 92% chance to be activated.

These statistics were what would win me and the Union the day against David and his Rebels, even if I had a weaker force in terms of points.
So let’s head to the game. I describe it in turn order and try to focus on explaining the rules for some of the game effects. If anything seems unclear, please head over to my blog and ask me there!
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The objective of the game was easy, both sides was attacking to get hold of the fence by the road. The side with most units in contact with it by the end of the game was the winner.
Turn 1
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The Union had the initiative and sent the 3 units of Skirmishers forward. The Line infantry formed Close Order but only 2 of 3 suceeded.

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The Confederates sent their Skirmishers and cavalry forward on their left flank as the 3 units of Line Infantry also formed Close Order. Seems like David had caught on to my ideas, or perhaps he has played enough games to know that Close Order has its benefits.
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The Confederate Artillery managed a lucky shot when it managed to land a shot on one of the Union Skirmish units. They took a casualty but passed their morale test!
Turn 2
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The Union troops continued their advance for the fence and all 3 on the Skirmish units reached it. The Line Infantry advanced, all now in Close order.
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The Confederate response was harsh. A unit of Skirmishes opened fire on the Union Skirmishers that had been hit by the Confederate Artillery and gained a Disorder Marker, which they chose not to rally away and instead advanced to the fence. This would turn out to be a big mistake. The Union Skirmisher took one more casualty and rolled for Morale, scoring double 1 with a -2 modification for the casualty just inflicted and the Disorder Marker. The unit gained 2 additional Disorder Markers, giving them 3 in total so they routed right away!
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The Confederate Cavalry made a Skirmish move to the fence, directing their fire at a unit of Skirmishers. They inflicted one Casualty but the Skirmishers held their ground. In Rebels and Patriots Cavalry cannot use the Fire Action – the only way they can shoot is with the Skirmish Action.
Turn 3
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The Union Skirmish line had been thinned out, so a swift advance with the Line Infantry was the key to victory, or so I believed…
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A double 1 on an Activation is never good! The unit ended up breaking their close order and made a headless charge towards the closest enemy unit, which was out of range. This wasn’t too bad as I wanted them to advance, but losing the Close Order so close to enemy units can be dangerous.
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The Officer’s unit also made a bad Activation roll of 4, which normally would result in a failure, but as it is the Officer’s unit and they are in Close Order they add +2 to the roll, bringing them up to a total of 6, succeeding their Activation.
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With the Line Infantry advancing more or less as planned, the Union Skirmish unit on the right flank (out of the picture) opened up on the Confederate Cavalry and managing to inflict 1 casualty.
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The Confederate Cavalry rolled poorly for Morale – a 3 modified by -1 for the Casualty but with +1 for being within 12” of their Officer’s unit, resulting in 1 Disorder Marker. If the Officer’s unit had not been within command range they would have gained 2 Disorder Markers, as the total result of the Morale test would have been 2 or less.
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The Union Skirmish unit in front of the Cavalry took advantage of the situation and also opened fire on the cavalry, resulting in 2 more casualties to the unit.
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The Confederate Cavalry unit had now lost 3 miniatures, bringing them down to half Strength which meant they receive a Permanent Disorder Marker and make a retreat move, all before the Morale test is rolled for the Casualties just taken.
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The Confederate Cavalry unit then had to roll for Morale due to the casualties taken by the Union Skirmishers Fire Action needing a total of 6+ to succeed. They rolled a 4 on the Morale test, modified by -2 for the Disorder markers, -2 for the Casualties just taken and then with +1 for the Officer Close by, giving a total of 1. A total of 2 or less on a Morale Roll gives the unit 2 Disorder markers and since the Cavalry unit already has 2 Disorder markers they get up to a total of 4, causing the unit to Rout (3 or more Disorder Markers = Rout) and was removed from play.
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The Confederate forces tried to retaliate but due to poor dice rolls they only manage to hit one of the Union Skirmish units.
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The Union Skirmishers took 2 casualties and was down to half strength, which means they receive a Permanent Disorder Marker and forcing them to roll for Morale. A 9 on the morale roll was modified by -1 for the Disorder maker, giving a total of 8. This meant they’d successfully passed the roll and did not receive any additional Disorder markers.
Turn 4
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For the 4th turn, both sides were focused on Skirmish fire and bringing the Line Infantry into position.

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The Union Officer and his men reach the fence first, but this brings them within range for the Confederate Artillery

Turn 5
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The Union Officer ordered his men to open fire on the Confederate Skirmishers in front of them. I didn’t really want to waste the First Fire on a Skirmish Unit but they needed to go! Rolling an Activation of 4 was enough as they got +1 for the Officer and +1 for the Close Order.
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A unit without any Disorder Markers roll 12 dice when performing a Fire action. The Line Infantry normally hit on a 5+ but gain a total of +2 on each dice as they are in Close Order and can fire a Volley, as well as using their First Fire bonus, meaning any dice of 3+ are a hit on the Skirmishers. Shooting at Short Range is normally devastating as you only need 2 hits to cause 1 Casualty, but since the Skirmishers count Open Ground as Cover I needed 3 hits to cause 1 Casualty, inflicting a total of 3. If they had been another Line Infantry unit they would have received a whopping 5 casualties!
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Despite my deadly volley the Confederate Skirmishers manage to hold their position and retaliate, causing my Officer’s unit to receive a Disorder Marker.
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The Union lines start to thin out as the Confederate make good use of their Artillery.

Turn 6
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My Union Line Infantry has a limited fire arc as they are in close order, which in this case was good for me as I could ignore the closest unit (the Skirmishers) and fire on one of the closest Confederate Line Infantry units. Unfortunately, this did not have much effect.
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Instead, David managed to inflict some Damage in response. This unit took 1 Casualty, forcing them to roll for Morale with a +1 on the roll (-1 for the casualty, +1 for the Close Order and +1 for the Officer with 12”) but still only managed a 5 in total so they received a Disorder Marker. The small rectangles with some units is our way to remember which units still have the First Fire bonus.
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My Officer’s unit also received some enemy fire and took losses, gaining one more Disorder Marker. This brought the total to 2 and forced them to retreat.
Turn 7
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My Union troops didn’t manage to rally, and the Confederate forces did not hesitate to shoot my fleeing troops in the back! My Officer’s unit took a further 2 casualties, forcing me to take a Morale test with -4 (-2 for the Disorder markers, -2 for the Casualties, no bonus for Close Order or for the Officer as his unit is already Broken. I rolled an 8, which normally would have been a success, but with the penalties my total was 4, giving me one more Disorder marker to take the total to 3 and causing the unit to Rout.
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Without the Officer and with only two depleted and Disordered units on the table, it would seem that I have been beaten by a 9 year old.
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Glory to the Rebels!
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Victorious Officer
Post-battle summary
It was a good game that I thought I would win, as I was sure David would not use his Skirmishers to screen his Line Infantry, or that he would form the Line Infantry into Close Order.
I was clearly far too eager to reach the fence with my Line Infantry, whilst David played his Line Infantry much more cautiously, keeping them away from Close Range and instead focusing on using his Artillery and Skirmishers to soften up my line before advancing to deliver a devastating Volley. Good tactics I must say, but I suppose he had a good teacher!
I hope this gave you a glimpse of how Rebels and Patriots works, and that even a bonus of +1 to your Activation roll can greatly increase your chances of success. It did not help me today, but it certainly helped David to one more victory!
Rebels and Patriots will be published on 24 January 2019, giving players wargaming rules for North America from the French and Indian War through to the American Civil War and beyond. Preorder your copy today!


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 17 яну 2019, 12:04

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Аеро - Българското списание за авиация

1. Рекордна 2018 г. за морските летища - 2019-01-16 20:25:32
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През миналата година летищата във Варна и Бургас са посрещнали 5,5 млн. пътници и повече от 38 000 полета изпълнени от 103 авиокомпании. Ръстът, отбелязан от летищата на „Фрапорт България“, е 13%, а за последните три години трафикът на двете летища се е покачил с 50% до 60%, съобщават от „Фрапорт България“.


2. Lockheed и американското посолство приветстваха решението на Парламента - 2019-01-16 19:44:25
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Посолството на САЩ у нас, както и производителят Lockheed Martin приветстваха решението на Народното събрание за стартиране на преговори за доставка на изтребители F-16. Това стана днес, 16 януари 2019 г.


3. С гласовете на ГЕРБ, ДПС и ВМРО Парламентът одобри преговорите за F-16 - 2019-01-16 18:17:32
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След ожесточен дебат и максимална мобилизация от страна на ГЕРБ, Народното събрание даде разрешение на правителството да води преговори за покупката на нови F-16, без да се съобразяват с ограниченията от Проекта за инвестиционен разход от миналата година. Това стана днес, 16 януари 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 17 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. Napoleon's Great Blunder: Spain 1808 - 2019-01-17 10:40:00
Yesterday, 16 January 2019, marked the 210th anniversary of the Battle of Corunna. Following an arduous retreat through Spain to the port of Corunna, Sir John Moore and his British army turned to face Napoleon's forces.
The background to this dramatic confrontation, Napoleon's attempt to seize control of Spain, is the focus of Epic History TV's latest video. See below this incredible new addition to their Napoleonic Wars series.

If you enjoyed this video, take a look at some of our other videos with EpicHistoryTV: Napoleon's First Victory, Alexander the Great, The First Crusade.
Also, if you're inspired to read more about Corunna and the Napoleonic Wars, see our related titles:
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 18 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Швеция уважава българското решение, но е убедена, че има по-добра оферта - 2019-01-17 20:28:23
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Шведската Агенция за отбранително имущество (FMV) заяви, че уважава българското решение по придобиването на F-16, но смята, че тяхната оферта за Gripen е била по-добра. Това се казва в съобщение на агенцията, което бе разпространено днес, 17 януари 2019 г.


2. Първи полети за годината в Безмер - 2019-01-17 15:24:11
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Днес, 17 януари се изпълниха първите полети за 2019 г. в авиобаза Безмер. Заместник-командирът на базата подполковник Милен Димитров с началника на щаба на авиационната ескадрила майор Радостин Люцканчев изпълниха полет в зона и по маршрут на пределно малка височина, с което дадоха началото на летателната дейност за годината. Това съобщиха от ВВС.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 18 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. The Art of Frostgrave: Fantasy Wargames in the Frozen City - 2019-01-18 10:10:18
Since July 2015, the frozen city of Frostgrave has been the scene of countless battles, with rival wizards fighting for treasure and glory in the ruins of Felstad. In this blog we look back at the series through the artwork of Dmitry and Kate Burmak, who have brought the series to life through their incredible illustrations. Enjoy! Frostgrave: Fantasy Wargames in the Frozen City

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An Elementalist battles a Summoner in the frozen ruins of Frostgrave.
Artwork by Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: Fantasy Wargames in the Frozen City.

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Amidst the frozen ruins of an ancient city, wizards battle in the hopes of discovering the treasures of a fallen empire. In this fantasy skirmish wargame, each player takes on the role of a wizard from one of ten schools of magic, and builds his band of followers. The wizard's apprentice will usually accompany his master, and more than a dozen other henchman types are available for hire, from lowly thugs to heavily armoured knights and stealthy thieves. Wizards can expand their magical knowledge by unlocking ancient secrets and may learn up to 80 different spells. While individual games of Frostgrave are quick and can easily be played in an hour or two, it is by connecting them into an ongoing campaign that players will find the most enjoyment. The scenarios given in the book are merely the beginning of the limitless adventures that can be found amidst the ruins of the Frozen City.

Order your copy of Frostgrave here.
Frostgrave: Thaw of the Lich Lord

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Fanatical death cultists, concealing their identities behind hoods and striking fear into their enemies.
Artwork by Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: Thaw of the Lich Lord.

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Thaw of the Lich Lord is a complete campaign for Frostgrave that will challenge both new and veteran players. Through a series of linked scenarios, players discover the existence of a new power in the Frozen City, one who was old when the great city was still young, and who saw both its rise and its disastrous fall. Warbands will confront the Lich Lord's minions, race against his agents to seize possession of mysterious artefacts, and brave the perils of Frostgrave in search of his lair. Eventually, they will need to muster all their courage to venture into the depths of the city and face the Lich Lord himself. Not all wizards will seek to stop the Lich Lord, however, and full rules for giving into his corruption and following the dark road to becoming an undead lich are presented for those who crave power and immortality above all else. While the campaign presents many new threats against which wizards and their warbands must test themselves, including an expanded bestiary, it also offers additional resources, such as new henchmen that can be recruited and unique magical treasures that can spell the difference between survival and oblivion.

Order your copy of Thaw of the Lich Lord today!
Frostgrave: Into the Breeding Pits

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A Devourer, one of the largest, deadliest, and – thankfully – rarest creatures in the world. Generally peaceful, they become extremely aggressive when injured and will attack anything in sight.
Artwork by Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: Into the Breeding Pits.

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With this supplement for Frostgrave, players can lead their warbands into the vast network of catacombs, sewers, and dungeons that run underneath the Frozen City. It was in these dark confines that the ancient wizards known as Beastcrafters experimented on living creatures, creating strange hybrids and deadly monsters, many of which still roam the forgotten passageways. Along with a host of new scenarios, treasures, soldiers, and creatures, the book also contains rules for the traps and secret passages that are often found in the dungeons. With wonderful and rare magical treasures to be discovered, will players risk taking their warbands down into the Breeding Pits?

Order your copy of Into the Breeding Pits today!
Frostgrave: Forgotten Pacts

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Some believe that the barbarians who live in the mountains north of Frostgrave are the descendants of people who survived the ancient cataclysm that destroyed Felstad.
Artwork by Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: Forgotten Pacts
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In this supplement for Frostgrave, players lead their warbands into the northern reaches of the city, exploring the ruined temples of the Frozen City to search for the lost secrets of evocation - the art of summoning demons. While the lure of such knowledge is great, few wizards have ventured into this region as it is overrun by barbaric northern tribesmen who have descended from the hills in their own search for treasure. Marking themselves with demonic sigils, many of these barbarians have aligned with ancient powers discovered amongst the temples. Along with a host of new scenarios focusing on the exploration of the temples, the book also contains new treasures, spells, soldiers, and creatures that can be found amongst the ruins.

Order your copy of Forgotten Pacts today.
Frostgrave: The Frostgrave Folio

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The Alchemical Monstrosity, a horrible amalgam of several creatures that were caught in an alchemical explosion and fused together. Let’s hope they can hold the door!
Artwork by Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: The Frostgrave Folio

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The Frostgrave Folio is the complete collection of all previously released Frostgrave mini-ebook supplements in one printed volume. This includes Hunt for the Golem, a three-scenario campaign in which the warbands hunt down a rogue golem, Sellsword, which introduces rules for experience-gaining captains to help lead warbands, Dark Alchemy, which expands the rules for potions and potion brewing, and Arcane Locations which gives additional options for bases and base upgrades. The book also includes a completely new mini-supplement, The Ravages of Time. Collecting nearly two years' worth of Frostgrave material, this collection is a necessary addition to any wizard's library.

Order your copy of The Frostgrave Folio today!
Frostgrave: The Maze of Malcor

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Astromancers draw their magical powers from the positions of the heavenly bodies and have learned how to use the various alignments and conjunctions of planets and stars to affect reality.
Artwork by Kate and Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: The Maze of Malcor

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Part magical university, part museum, part tourist attraction, the great Collegium of Artistry had flourished in Felstad's final days. Under the leadership of the seemingly immortal Malcor the Mad, the vast complex expanded, with new wings being built wherever they would fit, including up and down the rock face, and even buried within the mountain itself. Visitors called it one of the architectural wonders of the world; the students, who often got lost in its endless tunnels, simply called it ‘The Maze'.
With a titanic crash, an immense ice shelf tears free from the mountains that that loom above Frostgrave, revealing the lost Collegium, and the race for its secrets begins. The Maze is known to have contained many rare and unique treasures, and who knows what may have survived...
This expanded supplement for Frostgrave contains a host of new adventures, treasures, and creatures to challenge players. It also includes its own, unique campaign and experience system, as well as information about several of the mythical lost schools of magic.

Order your copy of The Maze of Malcor today! Frostgrave: The Wizards' Conclave

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In the ancient city of Felstad there were many magical cabals. One such was the Cult of a Thousand Eyes, secretive mages devoted to a god of outer darkness that traded in only one currency: souls.
Artwork by Kate and Dmitry Burmak, taken from Frostgrave: The Wizards’ Conclave.

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Wizards tend to be secretive and solitary, rarely sharing their knowledge, and associating with only a select few apprentices, followers, and henchmen. It is rare that they spend time in the company of other spellcasters, and rarer still that they work together. Now, however, something is about to take place that has not occurred since the great days of Felstad - a gathering of wizards.
In this new supplement for Frostgrave, some of the biggest names in gaming turn their creative powers towards the Frozen City, each contributing a scenario and adding their own flair to the game. Featuring scenarios by Alessio Cavatore, Alex Buchel, Andy Chambers, Gav Thorpe, Chris Pramas, Daniel Mersey, Andrea Sfiligoi, and many more, this tome provides a collection of adventures that will pit players against unimaginable foes and challenges, pushing their wizards and warbands to new limits.

Preorder your copy of The Wizards' Conclave today!


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 19 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. A New American Army Goes To War - 2019-01-19 10:06:00
In David Campbell's newest Combat book, US Soldier vs Afrikakorps Soldier, he explores the opposing sides of the Tunisian campaign during World War II. Today on the blog, David examines the context behind these two forces: the new-to-combat US soldiers and the divided Afrikakorps.
The US Army was powerfully well armoured and equipped, but fresh to war, and it showed. Organization suffered from a surfeit of peacetime theories and training was insufficient and ill-applied. Despite such failings the US GIs and their commanders learned very quickly, adapting to German tactics and the realities of mechanized warfare. The Axis forces in North Africa were seasoned by years of fighting against increasingly powerful British and Commonwealth forces, and were led by one of the Reich's most capable generals. The German doctrine of mechanized warfare had proved itself time and again, but ever-growing logistical and supply problems were blunting its effectiveness.
The Tunisian campaign has long been most famous for the series of severe defeats that the German Army inflicted on the US Army’s II Corps, most famously at the battle of the Kasserine Pass. Scenes of American soldiers abandoning their weapons and fleeing in confusion and panic ahead of the veteran combined-arms kampfgruppen of Rommel’s Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK) have some basis in fact, but the immediate reality as well as the larger operational picture were more nuanced, and much less favourable to the Germans than they might have appeared at first glance.

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Battle of Kasserine Pass
The American defeats in February 1943, particularly at Sidi Bou Zid and Kasserine, had many fathers.Though Allied strategy was clear enough, this was the first time that American, British and Free French forces were employed together on an operational level, a fact that resulted in confused chains of supply and command, hampering effective decision-making and confusing the Allied response to the DAK’s aggressive thrusts into their lines in February. For the Americans in particular this situation was sorely exacerbated by the deployment of Major General Lloyd R. Fredendall’s II Corps; tasked with defending the Eastern Dorsal mountains, the 1st Armored Division, 34th Infantry and 1st Infantry Division (with the support of some Free French forces) were broken up into penny-packets and scattered all along the length of the line. Not only did this dissipate the organisational and fighting power of the divisions, it led to situations where units were isolated from familiar systems of command and control and were deployed too widely to allow for effective mutual support in the event of an attack. Added to this state of affairs was the fact that the vast majority of US troops were new to combat, as was the Army itself – the force that was operating in Tunisia was vastly different from its modest and hide-bound pre-war incarnation, having been raised, organised and trained in little more than a year. As a result Rommel’s 14 February surprise attack with four Kampfgruppen from the Afrikakorps and 10. Panzer-Division resulted in a bloody drubbing for American infantry and armor.
Despite the significant reverses suffered by II Corps during the Kasserine battles, one short month later the 1st Armored Division’s assault on Maknassy and the 1st infantry Division’s defence of El Guettar would demonstrate a level of competence and aggression that was worlds away from what had gone before.The shock of such stark defeats forced an urgent reorganisation of US forces in Tunisia, with revisions to the command structure as well as a return to the division’s central role in the control and deployment of its organic units. Such changes, achieved so rapidly, were not simply down to the replacement of a poor commander (Fredendall) with a better one (Patton), nor the reconstitution of dissipated units into their parent formations, vitally important that both of these factors were. Although they were eventually overwhelmed, individual units of the 1st and 34th Infantry Divisions had fought well at both Sidi Bou Zid and Kasserine, often holding their own against veteran DAK troops in extremely trying circumstances. At a fundamental level, despite its manifest inexperience the US Army was sound: its officer corps was by-en-large competent, its men well-trained and very well-armed, armor and especially artillery were plentiful and of high quality, and all arms were operating within a doctrine that, despite its flaws, was realistic and effective. Reconstituting the 1st and 34th Infantry Divisions allowed those basic truths to come through.

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A German Tiger tank on the move, in Tunisia January 1943
Source: Bundesarchiv
The problems that beset the Americans are reasonably well-known, but the extent to which the Germans were hampered by logistical and command failings is perhaps less appreciated. For the Axis powers the strategic situation at the beginning of 1943 was serious, with allied armies advancing on two concentric fronts, but the Afrika Korps and its Italian allies, freshly reinforced by significant units from Europe including the battle-ready 10. Panzer-Division and the Tigers of schwere Panzer-Abteilung 501, was still a potent enemy. Despite such strength, there was no real agreement on strategic objectives between Generaloberst Hans-Jürgen von Arnim (5. Panzerarmee in the north near Tunis) and Rommel (Deutsch-Italienische Panzerarmee in the south holding the Mareth Line). Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring, in charge of the southern theatre of operations, more often played the role of referee between the his two headstrong subordinates, a job that was made still more difficult because he also had to kow-tow to the Comando Supremo (the Italian military High Command in Rome), which had the ultimate say on operational matters.
German operations were further hampered by one overriding logistical reality – men and materiel were in short supply, and the increasingly tight Allied stranglehold on the sea lanes of the Mediterranean meant that this was a situation that would get worse, not better. Arnim and Rommel had enough men, fuel and panzers to hold their respective fronts and to engage in limited offensive action, but not to launch the sort of attack that would have a reasonable chance of shearing through the Allied lines and turning the tables in the Tunisian campaign. Despite this uncomfortable reality, Rommel and Arnim continued to pull in different directions, Arnim favouring a defensive posture with Rommel, ever-aggressive and in search of opportunities to exploit, opting for offensive action. Kesselring ultimately agreed to an attack; the widely dispersed infantry and armor of the US II Corps, who had not seemed particularly effective during the encounters around Sened at the beginning of February and who currently sat astride the road that led to the main Allied supply dump at Tébessa, were assumed to be the soft underbelly of the Allied line.
It was against this strategic backdrop that the German offensive on 14 February was launched. The larger objectives of the attack were far from clear, beset by muddy strategic thinking and hopeful assumption.The short campaign would demonstrate that, despite the impressive tactical abilities of their combined-arms kampfgruppen, the Germans didn’t have the operational muscle to exploit their initial victories or properly adapt to the Allied response. Rommel’s hungry optimism would not be enough to carry the day.
To read more, pre-order your copy of David Campbell's US Soldier vs Afrikakorps Soldier.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 21 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. 45 години от първия полет на F-16 - 2019-01-20 19:55:27
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Днес, 20 януари 2019 г. се навършват 45 години от първия полет на прототипа на F-16, който е изпълнен от авиобаза Едуардс, Калифорния. Пилот е Фил Ойстрейкър.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 22 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Авиокаст: Епизод 3* - 2019-01-21 18:26:05
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Александър Богоявленски и Красимир Грозев публикуваха новия епизод на авиационния подкаст „Авиокаст”.


2. Сърбия очаква доставка на Ми-35М и Ми-17В - 2019-01-21 18:04:10
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Сръбският президент Александър Вучич съобщи на 18 януари 2019 г., че страната ще получи от Русия през тази година седем бойни вертолета Ми-35 и три транспортни Ми-17. Това беше огласено в обръщението му към народа след приключване на посещението на руския президент Владимир Путин в Белград.


3. ВВС с анализ за 2018 г. - 2019-01-21 16:03:42
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Военновъздушните сили проведоха своя анализ за 2018 г. Това стана днес, 21 януари 2019 г. Като основни акценти бяха поставени върху изграждане на необходимите подготовки, личния състав и поддържане на безопасността на полетите.


4. Цветанов: За изтребителя ползвахме експертизата на Константин Попов - 2019-01-21 14:25:40
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Председателят на парламентарната група на ГЕРБ и заместник-председател на партията Цветан Цветанов заяви, че при избора на нов боен самолет е използвана експертизата на бившия командир на ВВС Константин Попов, който в момента е депутат от същата партия. Това Цветанов каза днес, 21 януари 2019 г., в сутрешния блок на bTV.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 23 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Франция уточни бъдещите способности на Rafale F4 - 2019-01-22 21:04:46
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Френската агенция за отбранителни доставки DGA уточни способностите на изтребителите Dassault Rafale, които ще бъдат получени в рамките на модернизацията до стандарт F4. Френското правителство даде поръчката за разработка на стандарта на 14 януари 2019 г.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 24 яну 2019, 12:04

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1. Airbus Helicopters с повече поръчки, но по-малко доставки за 2018 г. - 2019-01-23 21:54:48
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Европейският вертолетостроител Airbus Helicopters обяви, че за миналата година са получили повече поръчки в сравнение с 2017 г., но и отбелязват по-малко доставки, отново в сравнение с миналата година.


2. Появи се снимка на руски нискозабележим безпилотен апарат - 2019-01-23 20:52:11
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В интернет се появи снимка на руския нискозабележим безпилотен апарат, който в момента се разработва по програмата „Охотник-Б”. Снимката е правена явно наскоро, а апаратът се намира на земята.


3. Сингапур смята да замени F-16 с F-35 - 2019-01-23 19:51:48
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Сингапур смята да замени своите изтребители F-16C/D с бойния самолет от пето поколение F-35, но на първо време ще купи малък брой, с който да извърши задълбочени изпитания. Това е съобщил военният министър на страната Хуанг Йонгонг.


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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 24 яну 2019, 18:00

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1. Sneak Peek at April's Artwork - 2019-01-23 16:20:00
For our first artwork reveal of the year, we're looking ahead into April, in which we're publishing three series books. Take a look below and let us know your favourite!
Elite 227: Armies of the Baltic Independence Wars 1918–20 by Nigel Thomas, Toomas Boltowsky
Illustrated by Johnny Shumate

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Our first plate is from Armies of the Baltic Independece Wars 1918–20 and depicts soldiers of the Estonian People's Army, 1918–1919. From left to right, the first is a Noorem allovitser, 1st Cavalry Regiment; Paide, northern Estonia, January 1919. He wears a Russian M1907 khaki NCO’s cap with a chinstrap (infantry had no chinstraps) with an M1918 Estonian pentangular cockade. Next to him is a Juunior, Independent Student Company; Tallinn, January 1919. These were usually high-school students from 16, who were mobilized into independent companies as student-soldiers. The third figure is a Reamees, No. 2 Armoured Train; Petseri, March 1919. His equipment comprises the same pair of bandoliers as B1, a leather ammunition pouch, two German M1917 stick‑grenades, and a water bottle. The final figure is a Kapteeni, Finnish Northern Sons Regiment; Narva, January 1919. This captain wears the field‑grey Finnish uniform introduced on 15 July 1918, with a Swedish M1910 lambswool cap (much used by Finnish officers, who called them ‘Mannerheim caps’); it bears the Estonian M1918 pentangular cockade instead of a red‑and‑yellow Finnish cockade.
ACE 137: A6M Zero-sen Aces 1940-42 by Nicholas Millman
Illustrated by Ronnie Olsthoorn

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The second piece of artwork is from A6M Zero-sen Aces 1940-42, and depicts a A6M2 Model 21 BII-121 of Lt Yasuhiro Shigematsu, Hiryu, Pacific, December 1941.
NVG 269: European Ironclads 1860–75 by Angus Konstam
Illustrated by Paul Wright

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Our final image from European Ironclads 1860–75 is of Rolf Krake of the Danish navy in action near Dybbøl, 18 February 1864. When the Prussians built a pontoon bridge between Alnor and Egersund to improve their lines of communication, Captain Rothe commanding the Rolf Krake was ordered to sortie from nearby Sønderborg and destroy the bridge. Owing to the shallow water of the Flensburg fjord the Rolf Krake was unable to approach her objective. Instead at 9.30am she was drawn into a duel with an emplaced battery of Prussian 12-pounders at Alnor.


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