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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 14 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. 100 Years of the Tank: Tanks between the two World Wars - 2016-09-13 08:07:28
We continue our commemorations of the centenary of the tank with a blog looking at the development of the tank during the interwar years from Richard Ogorkiewicz, author of Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution.

The successful use of tanks in the latter part of the First World War did not earn them general recognition in its immediate aftermath. Admittedly, towards the end of the War there were ambitious British-French-American plans for the joint production of 10,000 more of them. But they came to nothing and the number of tanks in use dwindled. What is more, some military authorities saw little further use for them beyond the confines of trench warfare in which they were born.
However, tanks were capable of much wider use, although for many years this was limited to small scale actions in close cooperation with the infantry. The prime and almost unique example of this was the Renault FT, a light tank of 7 tons, 4,500 of which were produced in France during and immediately after the War and which was subsequently acquired throughout the world.

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US Army operating FTs on the Western Front, 1918
With one exception, no more tanks were produced until the late 1920s, except for a small number of experimental vehicles. During the latter stages of the War the British Tank Corps began to experiment with fitting more powerful engines in tanks in order to increase their speed and attained 15 mph with a modified tank, which was almost four times its maximum speed in its standard configuration and twice the maximum speed of other tanks produced by then.
Further development led immediately after the War to the construction in Britain of the experimental Medium D tank which was capable of a speed of 20 mph. This opened the possibility of a much more mobile use of tanks which was first put into effect by the Royal Tank Corps using Vickers Medium tanks. These were also capable of a maximum speed of 20 mph but only 166 of them were built and they were the only tanks in the world to be produced in any number until the late 1920s,
An even higher speed of 42 mph was attained in 1928 in the United States by Christie's experimental tank. His design was copied 3 years later by the Soviet Army in the form of its BT series of fast tanks and 6 years later still the independent suspension, which was his tank's outstanding feature, was also adopted for the British ‘cruiser’ tanks.

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BT-7 Model 1935
Progress in the agility of tanks which these increases in speed represented enabled and encouraged a more mobile employment of tanks, at first in Britain and then in other countries. This led to the creation of mechanized or armoured formations, such as the German Panzer divisions, which combined tanks with other arms mounted in vehicles and possessed greater striking power as well as greater operational and tactical mobility than contemporary infantry and cavalry divisions.
The offensive capabilities of the armoured divisions came primarily from their tanks which grew progressively more powerful during the 1930s. At first most of the tanks were relatively light, weighing less than 10 tons and were operated by crews consisting of only two men. Mechanically they represented a considerable advance on the earlier tanks but they were only armed with machine guns. A more effective type of light tank was pioneered in Britain by Vickers Armstrongs who, on their own initiative, brought out in 1928 the Vickers Six Ton Tank which was armed with a 47 mm cannon as well as a machine gun, both mounted in a turret manned by a crew of two men. The Six Ton Tank was acquired by several countries including the Soviet Union where it was copied on a large scale as the T-26. In fact, by the outbreak of the Second Wold War in 1939 about 8,500 of the T-26 had been produced, making it the most numerous tank in the world at the time.

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T-26 mod. 1933 at the museum 'Breaching of the Leningrad Blockade' near Kirovsk
Relatively light tanks of the Vickers Six Ton Tank kind, armed with 37 or 47 mm and manned by three or four men, were typical of the late 1930s. However, by then more powerfully armed and heavier tanks, armed not with 37 or 47 mm cannon but with turret-mounted 75 or 76 mm guns, began to come into use. The first of them was the Grosstraktor built secretly in Germany as early 1928. Its example was followed by the Soviet T-28 and later by the German Pz.Kpfw.IV, which became the forerunner of the medium tanks that dominated most of the Second World War.
Richard Ogorkiewicz's Tanks: 100 Years of Evolution is available to purchase on the Osprey online store. Click here for more details.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 15 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. 100 Years of the Tank: German and Soviet tank development during the Second World War - 2016-09-14 08:08:36
Our Tank centenary commemorations continue with a blog from David R. Higgins, author of the recently published Duel 71: M48 Patton vs Centurion and a range of other Osprey books. In this piece he looks at German and Soviet tank development in the build up to and during the Second World War.
On 15 September 1916 tanks made their battlefield debut, and although lacking in speed, reliability, and endurance, the lozenge-shaped British vehicles proved capable of crossing what had been for the last two years a deadly, largely impassable no-man's land. Although the initial effort failed to produce a breakthrough, improved designs and greater numbers eventually proved decisive on an operational scale, as evidenced by the German High Command attributing tanks and insufficient reserves as the primary reasons for seeking an Armistice in 1918. Following the war the victorious tank producers of France and Britain saw little need to alter what was seen as a winning armour doctrine, and as a result envisioned any future war as essentially a modernized version of the previous one. The defeated nations of Russia, and especially Germany, however, looked for ways to avoid fighting another costly war of attrition, and focused on tanks as a solution.
With the diminutive French Renault FT epitomizing perhaps the most successful tank design during World War One the majority of armoured vehicle designs of the 1920s and 1930s retained its basic layout, including a suspension, small crew, and high-mounted, rotating turret housing a single main armament and commander's cupola. As larger, cheaper, flat trajectory cannon could be produced en-masse as dedicated, towed antitank options it triggered an arms race of ever-improving tank designs. Secret German-Soviet military cooperation between 1922 and 1933, in particular near Kazan, Russia, resulted in several prophetic developments, such as a tank radio. Tank doctrine was also wargamed and tested, which gravitated toward applying overwhelming armoured, mechanized, and motorized forces incorporating integrated engineer, artillery, reconnaissance, and other assets to penetrate narrow but key battlefield sectors to enable fast-moving formations to strike deep into an enemy's rear areas to disrupt command and control, and logistics, and to sow confusion and demoralize. While the Germans emphasized modernizing successful WWI-era Stosstruppen infiltration and exploitation tactics to bypass resistance for the sake of maintaining shock and momentum, the Soviets leaned toward similar, deep offensive operations suited to the nation's expansive, underdeveloped territories and considerable armoured vehicle numbers.

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Panzer I Ausf. A in combat during the German invasion of Norway.
During the German (and Soviet) invasion of Poland (1939) the battlefield application of these "blitzkrieg" operations helped secure victory within a few weeks. The fact the Germans had to predominantly field the ill-suited 5-tonne Panzer I (13mm maximum armour; 2 machine guns) and 9-tonne Panzer II (15mm; 20mm cannon) training tanks, due to production delays of the purpose-built 23-tonne Panzer III (15mm; 37mm cannon) and the 18-tonne similarly-sized infantry support Panzer IV (30mm; 75mm short barrel), the underlying armoured doctrine was proven valid. Western European adversaries largely rooted in outdated military mindsets and lacking Germany's more mature command and control mechanisms and motivation suffered similar defeats in 1940/41. Faced with the prospect of fighting their Soviet partners in mid-1941, German leadership anticipated another rapid campaign, which included greater numbers of Panzer IIIs (30mm; 50mm) and IVs (80mm; 75mm short barrel).
During Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union (Operation Barbarossa), the majority of fielded Red Army tanks comprised the 12-tonne BT-7 (13mm; 45mm), which with its Christie suspension provided excellent speed and cross-country maneuverability for the vehicle's weight. While existing German tanks and antitank guns could effectively deal with the design, the introduction of the "medium" T-34 proved a game changer. Although sloped Rolled Homogeneous Plate (RHA) was not a new feature of contemporary armour (e.g. the French SOMUA S35), this 27-tonne Soviet tank possessed a formidable mix of thick angled armour (45mm), armament (76.2mm), reliability, and maneuverability. With no effective counter, save the towed high-velocity, dual-purpose 88mm antitank gun, the Germans scrambled to develop a dedicated tracked response. One solution was to get the heavy, slab-sided breakthrough design out of the prototype stage and into production, but what became the 54-tonne Tiger I (120mm; 88mm) would not be available until September 1942. In the interim, however, they were forced to field makeshift Panzerjäger solutions in which equally powerful cannons were mounted atop captured or obsolete tank chassis.

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T-34 Model 1942 near Leningrad, 1942
In attempting to find the best mix of firepower, protection, and maneuverability, everything represented a compromise. Incorporating thicker armour plating increased vehicle weight, and commensurately required stronger suspensions, transmissions, and engines. While angling plate presented a greater relative thickness to an incoming solid shot round compared to its vertical equivalent it also redirected the projectile's kinetic energy and promoted its elastic deformation, which due to its bullet shape, low absolute weight, and short length to width ratio, promoted shattering or deflection. To minimize vehicle weight its heaviest armour was located to the front, with the chassis generally being RHA. As rotating turrets were susceptible to strikes from multiple directions curved, cast armour was prevalent with contemporary vehicles, which although generally requiring less sophisticated machinery, expertise, and costs to produce, its lack of hardening meant it was comparatively softer and more susceptible to penetration. To counter the increasing use of short-range shape-charged weapons that could penetrate the thickest contemporary armour, German and Soviet counter-measures were to apply thin skirt plates to vehicle sides to force premature detonation that greatly dissipated the effects of their directed molten jets.
Having fought against ever more numerous T-34s, and its 45-tonne KV-1 (90mm; 76.2mm) cousin throughout 1942, in mid-1943 the Germans fielded what they thought would give them the qualitative edge for the foreseeable future. Similar in shape, but larger than the T-34, the resulting 43-tonne Panther (100mm; 75mm) possessed an excellent balance of firepower, sloped armour, and mobility. In contrast to the simpler, mass-produced Soviet designs, German engineers opted for rather over-engineered medium and heavy tanks like the Panther and Tiger. With logistics paramount to keeping vehicles in the field supplied with ammunition, replacement parts, petrol, oil, lubricants, and other combat necessities, breakdowns could unduly task towing and maintenance efforts. In contrast, more numerous Soviet tanks attempting to conduct deep offensive operations through brute force were handicapped by their lack of radios for individual non-command vehicles, with the result that tactics were commonly set-piece to maintain order, which left them unable to flexibly adapt to changing battlefield conditions. By 1944 the massive amounts of American Lend-Lease tanks, aircraft, transport, raw materials, foodstuffs, and other essentials necessary to propagate a war of manoeuvre promoted endurance for the new Soviet tanks designed to better combat heavier German opponents. While the T-34 was up-armed with a 85mm gun, the KV-1's chassis was mated to a turret housing a 122mm cannon resulting in a 46-tonne IS-2 (110mm; 122mm). Although the latter's heavy, two-piece round lacked the muzzle velocity of contemporary direct-fire weapons, its mass proved capable of crushing or deforming armour plate instead of penetrating it.

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Burnt out Panther Ausf.G at the Battle of the Bulge
During this period Germany's production of armoured vehicles had increased considerably following the nations transition to wartime economy, and Albert Speers appointment as Armaments Minister. With German vehicles such as the Panzer III and Panzer IV having initially been developed with large turret rings, over the year they were steadily up armed to remain competitive. With Hitler's desire for ever-heavier tanks the 69-tonne Tiger II (180mm; 88mm) represented the largest operational tank fielded during the war. While incorporating parts and components intended to be common among other vehicles to reduce production costs and aid maintenance, its great weight placed a considerable strain on its transmission, engine, and gasket seals, and hampered maintenance and towing, making it unsuited for anything other than defensive operations. Although the Panther and Tiger were individually superior to the great majority of their enemy contemporaries, and German forces were very adept at organizing tactical kampfgruppen (battlegroups), crew training and experience, and effective supply remained paramount in determining combat victory. Ultimately, the cumulative effects of fighting a multi-national, multi-front war took its strategic toll, which including vast numbers of Allied and Soviet armoured vehicles and maturing doctrine and application simply overwhelmed German tanks forced to operate in an environment of disintegrating logistics and ad-hoc battlefield solutions.
David R. Higgins has published a number of books with Osprey, five of which look at armoured warfare in the 20th century. Click here for more details.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 16 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. 100 Years of the Tank: Commemorative Desktop Backgrounds - 2016-09-15 08:26:18
Today marks the centenary of the first time that tanks rolled onto the battlefield, with their debut coming at the Somme. We have been marking the centenary with a series of blogs throughout the week, and today we are pleased to offer you four freely downloadable desktop backgrounds to mark the anniversary.
The Crippling of Bandit II - Campaign 187: Cambrai 1917
Artwork by Peter Dennis

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To download this background please click the link below that corresponds to your screen resolution.
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5th Wiltshires' attack on Hill 112 - Campaign 143: Caen 1944
Artwork by Peter Dennis

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The Devil is loose on the Paderborn Road - Campaign 175: Remagen 1945
Artwork by Peter Dennis

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Staff Sergeant Amir Bashari overlooking the Valley of Tears - Campaign 118: Yom Kippur War 1973 (1)
Artwork by Howard Gerrard

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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 17 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. Osprey's Big Reveal: General Aviation - 2016-09-16 07:29:46
MAA
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In today’s instalment of Osprey’s Big Reveal we are looking at General Aviation titles that will be landing in 2017.
Concorde
When commercial air services were launched in 1976, Concorde was hailed as one of the wonders of the technological world. Flying at speeds in excess of Mach 2, she was the only commercial airliner ever developed that could maintain twice the speed of sound for periods of over two hours. With stunning photography of the aircraft in development and in service, this concise gift book tells the story of one of the greatest engineering and technological feats of modern history.
Lancaster
Developed from the underperforming twin-engined Manchester, the Avro Lancaster was the RAF’s most successful heavy bomber of World War II. While Britain was unable to hit back on the ground, the Lancaster enabled Britain to take the fight to Germany. Its success meant that it was produced in massive numbers, with more than 7,300 built up to VE Day. Drawing on a wealth of research, stunning illustrations and contemporary photographs, this concise gift book reveals how the Lancaster became a symbol of British resistance, before going on the offensive against Germany in bombing attacks such as the famous Dambusters raid.
Hurricane
The RAF’s first monoplane fighter and its true workhorse, the Hurricane came into its own in the hot summer months of 1940 valiantly defending the skies above Britain. Outnumbering Spitfires three to one, the Hurricane also downed far more enemy aircraft, and was beloved by its pilots for its ability to simultaneously take a battering and inflict serious damage from its remarkably stable gun platform. Through fascinating first-hand accounts from the men who flew her, and truly breathtaking images of the Hurricanes in flight today from celebrated aerial photographer John Dibbs, this stunning new book reveals the Hurricane in all its glory.
Storm of Eagles: The Greatest Aerial Photographs of World War II
Soaring high above the fields and cities of Europe and Asia as well as the vast expanse of the Pacific, Allied and Axis pilots engaged in a deadly battle for control of the skies in World War II. Whoever won the skies would win the war. Published in association with the National Museum of World War II Aviation, Storm of Eagles is a stunningly illustrated large-format book that brings together classic as well as never-before-seen wartime images. Compiled by John Dibbs and Kent Austin Ramsey, this remarkable volume is a must-have for anyone interested in World War II aviation.
Memoirs of a U-2 Spy Pilot
Equipped with the latest leading-edge technology, the Lockheed U-2, also known as the ‘Dragon Lady’, thrives in the darkness at the edge of space. Entering service in the mid-1950s, it is still flying operationally in the present day, methodically gathering huge volumes of data for the US intelligence agencies. Written by a U-2 pilot with 13 years of experience flying the aircraft, Memoirs of a U-2 Spy Pilot takes the reader inside the selective fraternity of U-2 pilots and lifts the veil on previously unknown aspects of the story of this extraordinarily long-lived aircraft.
Shadow over the Atlantic
As Germany’s war against the Allied convoys intensified in late 1943, the Luftwaffe was ordered to provide a long-range spotting and shadowing unit to act as ‘eyes’ for the U-boats. Equipped with big, four-engined Junkers Ju 290s fitted out with advanced search radar and other maritime ‘ELINT’ (electronic intelligence) devices, the FAGr 5 'Atlantik' undertook a distant, isolated campaign far out into the Atlantic This book tells for the first time the fascinating story of the formation and operations of FAGr 5, the unit that accounted for the reporting and destruction of thousands of tons of Allied shipping.
So six new books for the coming year – let us know what you think in the comments section below!
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 21 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. Sneak Peek at December Artwork - 2016-09-20 07:54:53
Time for a sneak peek at some of the artwork from our December 2016 books, with three plates coming from our December series books.
New Vanguard 241: Austro-Hungarian Cruisers and Destroyers 1914-18 by Ryan K. Noppen
Illustrated by Paul Wright

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Our first plate comes from New Vanguard 241: Austro-Hungarian Cruisers and Destroyers 1914-18. Painted by Paul Wright, it depicts the Battle of the Otranto Straits, May 15, 1917.
Men-at-Arms 509: French Foreign Legion 1831-71 by Martin Windrow
Artwork by Gerry & Sam Embleton


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Our second plate, from Gerry and Sam Embleton, shows examples of soldiers from the New Legion; Algeria, 1840-52. From left to right we have a Capitaine adjudant-major, a Grenadier and a Lieutenant.
Click here to preorder a copy of Men-at-Arms 509: French Foreign Legion 1831-71 by Martin Windrow
Elite 211: The SAS 1983-2014 by Leigh Neville
Artwork by Peter Dennis

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Our final plate for this month's reveal comes from Leigh Neville's Elite 211: The SAS 1983-2014. Painted by Peter Dennis, it shows, from left to right, a Sniper from 22 SAS; Afghanistan, 2010, an operator from the Special Projects Team, 22 SAS; Hereford, 2008 and an operator from the Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force; Northern Iraq, 2014.
Let us know what you think in the comments section below.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 24 сеп 2016, 00:01

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1. Osprey's Big Reveal: General Military - 2016-09-23 07:47:27
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To round off our Big Reveal here is a look at the General Military titles coming out in 2017.
Samurai Armour: Volume I: The Japanese Cuirass
This volume, the first in a two-part series on the armour of the samurai, traces first the history of the samurai themselves and then examines the history and evolution of the cuirass or dou, the armour protecting the samurai’s chest. Drawing on over 20 years of research and technical work by Trevor Absolon, a leading expert, this is a complete study of this fundamental aspect of samurai armour construction. Stunningly illustrated throughout, this is more than just a detailed technical exploration, it is a meditation on a process that was, and still is, nothing short of an art form.
Bloodstained Sands: US Amphibious Operations in World War II
For the men who served in America's Amphibious Forces during World War II, the conflict was an unceasing series of D-Days. They were responsible for putting men ashore in more than 200 landings throughout the conflict, most against well-entrenched enemy positions. Bloodstained Sands: US Amphibious Operations in World War II tells the story of these forgotten men for the first time, tracing their operational history from Guadalcanal to Casablanca, Sicily, Normandy, Iwo Jima and finally Okinawa. The men's stories are told in their own voices, with fascinating accounts from Underwater Demolition Teams, Attack Transport crews and many other unsung heroes of World War II.
With Their Bare Hands: General Pershing, the 79th Division and the battle for Montfaucon
Packed with stunning contemporary photographs and testimony from a wealth of primary sources from all sides of the conflict and all military ranks, With Their Bare Hands follows the 79th from its origins in 1917 through to the end of the war, with a focus on the bloody encounter at Montfaucon. Using the division as a window on the whole American Expeditionary Force, Gene Fax explores its achievements and failures, as well as showing how the lessons learned from this conflict ultimately affected American strategy in World War II.
A History of the Irish Guards in the Afghan and Iraq Campaigns 2001 – 2014
Irish Guardsmen have been involved in all aspects of the campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq – from in Kabul in 2001, through the invasion of Iraq in 2003 to the eventual withdrawal in 2009, and the campaign in Helmand from 2006 to 2014.
This participation has been at every level from individual to battalion and widely dispersed – a complete picture of the British Army's experience in the post 9/11 years. This study, based on official records and numerous interviews with those who took part – from the brigade commanders down to the guardsmen on the ground – is a unique picture of one battalion's experiences through some of the most testing times the British Army has faced.
Sevastopol’s Wars: Crimea from Potemkin to Putin
In this groundbreaking volume, award-winning author Mungo Melvin explores how Sevastopol became the crucible of conflict over three major engagements – the Crimean War, the Russian Civil War and World War II – witnessing the death and destruction of countless armies yet creating the indomitable 'spirit of Sevastopol'. By weaving together first-hand interviews, detailed operational reports and battle analysis, Melvin creates a rich tapestry of history.
The Long Range Desert Group in World War II
Established in June 1940 as the brainchild of scientist and soldier Major Ralph Bagnold, a contemporary of Lawrence of Arabia, the Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) allowed the British Army to gain a crucial advantage in the North African Front of World War II. Traversing great swathes of the desert that had never before been explored by Europeans, the LRDG was able to launch hit-and-run raids against remote enemy targets such as the fort and airfield at Murzak. From December 1941 until the end of the Desert War in May 1943, the LRDG carried out numerous missions in tandem with the Special Air Service, using their unparalleled knowledge of the desert to navigate the SAS to enemy airfields on which attacks would be launched. As well as in Africa, the LRDG also fought in the Aegean, undertaking dangerous missions in Yugoslavia, Albania, Italy and Greece, displaying their extraordinary versatility by operating in boats, on foot and by parachute.

Using never-before-published photographs and archival material, interviews with surviving veterans who have never before gone on record regarding their wartime exploits, and special access to the SAS archives, Gavin Mortimer tells the story of the origins and dramatic operations of Britain’s first ever special forces unit.
The History of the Panzerwaffe: Volume 2: 1943-45
The final years of World War II saw the legendary Panzerwaffe face its most difficult challenges, with Allied troops landing at Normandy and storming across the continent and the Russians gaining the upper hand on the Eastern Front. As Germany fought fiercely to hold on to the advantages gained in the early years, they relied heavily on the Panzer IV, the Panzer V Panther and the StuG III – the backbone of their infamous armoured divisions – to hold back their advancing opponents. This second volume on the Panzerwaffe offers a comprehensive guide to the final years of Germany's most famous fighting force, covering the further use of the Panzer IV, the role played by the StuG III assault gun and the battlefield debut of the formidable Panther. Explosive combat reports and rare archive photographs help uncover the final years of the Panzers, from their defence against the D-Day landings and the role they played in the Ardennes Offensive to their valiant last stand in Berlin.
Trieste ’45: First Battle of the Cold War
Trieste '45 is the story of one year in one city as the Cold War begins. The Western Allies had captured the Adriatic port city before the Russians could reach it, but having survived the war, everybody is now desperate to make it through the liberation. Life is fast and violent, as former warring parties find common cause against the Soviet Union and the borders of the new Europe are being hammered out. Against this deadly backdrop of intelligence operations, escape and revenge, the British and Americans are locked into the opening salvoes of the Cold War on the beautiful shores of the Adriatic, opposing the Russians and Yugoslavs.
Soviet T-10 Heavy Tank and Variants
Never exported outside of the Soviet Union and rarely used in combat, the T-10 has remained a mysterious tank, with many of its variants unknown in the West until very recently. This study, written from original Russian and Ukrainian primary source documents that have only recently been made available, uncovers the history of this enigmatic tank using stunning contemporary and modern photographs of the T-10 as well as full colour side-view artwork.
British Battle Tanks: British-made tanks of World War II
Plagued by unreliable vehicles and poorly thought-out doctrine, the early years of World War II were years of struggle for Britain’s tank corps. Relying on tanks built in the late 1930s, and those designed and built with limited resources in the opening years of the war, they toiled against an opponent well versed in the arts of armoured warfare. This book is the second of a multi-volume history of British tanks by renowned British armour expert David Fletcher MBE. It covers the development and use of the Matilda, Crusader, and Valentine tanks that pushed back the Axis in North Africa, the much-improved Churchill that fought with distinction from North Africa to Normandy, and the excellent Cromwell tank of 1944-45. It also looks at Britain's super-heavy tank projects, the TOG1 and TOG2, and the Tortoise heavy assault tank, designed to smash through the toughest of battlefield conditions, but never put into production.
1917: The Year of Offensives
Early in 1917 Allied leaders planned a series of offensives that were to take place as part of a programme of intensive operations along the Western Front. These included the attacks at Vimy Ridge, Arras, the Aisne, Messines and Cambrai, culminating in the brutal combat on the sodden fields of Passchendaele. 1917: The Year of Offensives examines each of these in turn, focusing on wider themes such as the changing nature of generalship on the Western Front, the use of new tactics and technology and the strain that these offensives put on the Allied armies, generals and political leaders. With revolution tearing Russia apart and mutiny brewing in the ranks of the French Army, these offensives, which were designed to take Germany out of the war, came close to destroying the Allies’ capacity to fight it.
Morning Star, Midnight Sun: The Guadalcanal-Solomons Naval Campaign of World War II
Morning Star, Midnight Sun: The Guadalcanal-Solomons Naval Campaign of World War II details the first Allied offensive of the Pacific War. It began with an amphibious assault of too little time, too few resources, and too much bureaucracy, culminating in the disastrous Battle of Savo Island that left the US Marines essentially abandoned on Guadalcanal. It continued as Henderson Field became a South Pacific black hole, sucking in ships, planes, and men, neither the Allies nor Japan able to break free, neither the Allies nor Japan able to decisively defeat the other. Indeed, the sides were so evenly matched that control of the waters around the island changed every dusk and every dawn. During that time, the US Navy had to painfully unlearn many of its prewar lessons, replace its bureaucratic mindset with an aggressive one, develop improvisation and creativity; and, ultimately, learn to win on the enemy’s terms. In so doing, it flipped roles with the Imperial Japanese Navy, whose prewar ingenuity and creativity had fostered the creation of its Pacific empire, but whose inflexibility and blindness left it in a battle of attrition it could not win.
Tiger
One of the most feared weapons of World War II, the Tiger tank was a beast of a machine which dominated the battlefields of Europe with its astonishing size, speed and firepower. In this comprehensive history Thomas Anderson draws upon original German archival material to tell the story of the birth of the Tiger, analysing its success on the battlefield and the many modifications and variants that also came into play. Illustrated throughout with rare photographs and drawings, many of which have never been published in English before, this is a unique history of easily the most famous tank ever produced.
The Splintered Empires: The Eastern Front 1917-21
At the beginning of 1917, the three empires fighting on the Eastern Front were reaching their breaking point, but none were closer than Russia. With the February Revolution Russia’s ability to wage war faltered and her last desperate gamble, the Kerensky Offensive, saw the final collapse of her army. This helped trigger the Bolshevik Revolution and a crippling peace, but the Central Powers had no opportunity to exploit their gains and a year later, both the German and Austro-Hungarian Empires surrendered and disintegrated.
Concluding his acclaimed series on the Eastern Front in World War I, Prit Buttar comprehensively details not only these climatic events, but also the ‘successor wars’ that raged long after the armistice of 1918. As new states rose from the ashes of empire, war raged as German forces sought to keep them under the auspices of the Fatherland. As Buttar explains, these unresolved tensions between the former Great Powers and the new states, would ultimately lead to a future new world war.
Case Red
Even after the legendary evacuation from Dunkirk in June 1940 there were still large British formations fighting the Germans alongside their French allies. They mounted a vigorous counterattack at Abbeville before engaging a tough defence along the Somme River, but their position was untenable. After hard fighting, the British were forced to conduct a second evacuation from the ports of Le Havre, Cherbourg, Brest and St Nazaire. While France was in its death throes, politicians and soldiers debated what to do – flee to England or North Africa or to seek an armistice.
Case Red captures the drama of the final three weeks of military operations in France in June 1940, and explains the great impact it had on the future course of relations between Britain and France during the war. It also addresses the military, political and human drama of France’s collapse in June 1940. and how the windfall of captured military equipment, fuel and industrial resources enhanced the Third Reich’s ability to attack its next foe – the Soviet Union
The Persian War: A military history
The victory of a few Greek city-states over the world's first superpower was an extraordinary military feat that secured the future of western civilization. All modern accounts of the war as a whole, and of Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis, the best-known battles, depend on the ancient sources, foremost amongst them Herodotus but generally quote very little from them. This is the first book to bring together Herodotus' entire narrative and interweave it with other ancient voices to present the original texts that comprise almost all that is known about this immense clash of arms.
Silent Witness: Photography of the American Civil War
The Civil War changed America forever, shaped its future and determined its place in history. For the first time in military history, the camera was there to record these seismic events from innovations in military and naval warfare to the battles themselves, the commanders at critical juncture and the ordinary soldier tentatively posing for his first ever portrait on the eve of battle. Compiled by an acclaimed Civil War historian, this beautiful volume explores how the camera bore witness to the dramatic events of the Civil War. Moreover, it reveals not only how the first photographers plied their trade but also how photography helped shaped the outcome of the war itself leading to improvements in military mapping but perhaps most significantly how the war was reported to anxious families across the North and South.
Sturmgeschütz: Panzer, Panzerjäger and Luftwaffe Units 1943–45
During the inter-war years a new kind of support weapon was recommended to the German general staff by Erich von Manstein: an armoured assault gun designed to destroy prepared defensive positions and enemy tanks, laying the groundwork for an assault by the Panzers and Panzergrenadiers. First rolled out in 1940, the Sturmgeschütz assault gun was an instant success, and played a vital role in the Wehrmacht throughout the war. Cheaper and quicker to produce than the German Panzers, it was deployed widely and with great success, particularly in the later years of the war, forming an integral part of armoured units as well as its more traditional infantry support role. This book traces the story of the Sturmgeschütz from its original design in the 1930s through to its use in the last desperate days of the German war effort. Drawing on original material from German archives and private collections, and replete with over 200 images, tells the thrilling story of the Wehrmacht’s unsung workhorse.
The Elite: The A-Z Encyclopedia of Modern Special Forces
The Elite: The A-Z Encyclopedia of Modern Special Forces covers a vast array of topics allowing the reader to go back in time to operations such as Eagle Claw in Iran and the recapture of the Iranian Embassy in London and then forward to recent operations against al Shabaab and Islamic State. Entries also detail units ranging from the New Zealand SAS Group to the Polish GROM; key individuals from Iraq counter-terrorism strategist General Stanley McChrystal to Victoria Cross winner SASR Corporal Mark Donaldson; significant battles ranging from the SEAL Team 6 rescue of Governor Paul Scoon on the island of Grenada in 1983 to the Delta Force hostage rescue of a Kurdish fighter facing imminent execution in Northern Iraq from October last year. Additionally, it will examine the key weapons, helicopters, aircraft vehicles and ancillary equipment used by today’s Special Forces.
Plenty there to get excited about - let us know what you think in the comments section below!
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 30 сеп 2016, 00:00

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1. M60A2 - Main Battle Tank Volume 2 In Detail - 32,00 €
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The history, development and operations of the United States Army's missile-firing main battle tank.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 06 окт 2016, 00:00

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1. October’s Book Vote and Last Month’s Results - 2016-10-04 12:11:21
This month’s book vote focuses on the Elite series, with five fascinating topics vying for your vote. Check out the descriptions below and let us know which of these you’d like to see us publish!



ELI: Israeli Paratroopers since 1954



ELI: US Army Airborne since 1990



ELI: US Army Special Forces since 1988


ELI: Forest Raiding Tactics in North America, 16th-18th Centuries


ELI: Vietnam War Boobytraps



ELI: Israeli Paratroopers since 1954
The campaigns, evolution, uniforms and equipment of the IDF's elite parachute units, which have spearheaded Israel's operations in the 1956, 1967 and 1973 Wars and ever since, and have carried out many special missions.
ELI: US Army Airborne since 1990
Elite 031 covered the US Airborne from their formation until 1990. This book will detail developments in organization, uniforms and equipment, and trace their campaigns, from the First Gulf War to the present day.
ELI: US Army Special Forces since 1988
The world of special-operations units has expanded and changed out of all recognition since 1988, the end-date of our previous Elite 004. This title will cover the developing organization, missions, uniforms and equipment of the 'Green Berets' during the 1990s, and the 'Long War' that America has waged since 2001.
ELI: Forest Raiding Tactics in North America, 16th-18th Centuries
The dramatic story of forest fighting on the frontier between New France and New England, between French 'woods-runners', British colonial 'rangers', the indigenous warriors allied to both sides, and the regular officers who learned from them.
ELI: Vietnam War Boobytraps
Detailing and illustrating the wide range of lethal and maiming boobytraps ingeniously employed by the Viet Cong and NVA to slow down and thin out US and allied units as they advanced through jungles, swamps and villages.
Head to the homepage to cast your vote!
We also have the results from the September book vote, which saw five firearms titles up against one another for your vote.



WPN: The G3 Battle Rifle
33%


WPN: 44 Magnum Revolvers
10%


WPN: The Sterling Submachine Gun
28%


WPN: The PK Machine Gun
15%


WPN: The Stoner 63 Weapons System
14%
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 11 окт 2016, 00:00

plaeditions

1. Abrams Squad 17 SPANISH - 9,00 €
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Abrams Squad: The Modern Modelling Magazine es la PRIMERA y ÚNICA revista del mercado dedicada exclusivamente a vehículos modernos. En ella podrás encontrar los mejores artículos de los mejores maquetistas del mundo. Artículos paso a paso, técnicas de pintura, de montaje, reportajes gráficos, artículos de actualidad, novedades y mucho más.
2. Abrams Squad 17 ENGLISH - 9,00 €
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Abrams Squad: The Modern Modelling Magazine is the FIRST and UNIQUE magazine in the world devoted to Modern Warfare modelling. Here you will find the best articles of the best modellers and writers in the world. Step by step articles, painting techniques, building techniques, illustrated reports, news, reviews and much more.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 11 окт 2016, 00:01

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1. A new series for 2017 - 2016-10-07 13:31:01
Last month’s Big Reveal kept something from you.
In the last year we’ve been pondering what new avenues of aviation history Osprey can explore. For more than 20 years Aircraft of the Aces, Combat Aircraft and Duel have taken us though the world of pilots, units, and one-on-one air combat. They’ve been a fantastic success, covering all the major conflicts in the sky. Aviation Elite Units and Air Vanguard have added to their scope. And last month the first of the brilliant new X-Planes series went on sale, looking at hi-tech prototypes and the world of experimental flight.
But that all leaves a big part of the story of combat aviation untold. Although we’ve produced the occasional Campaign that covers an air operation – Pointblank, the Doolittle Raid, Pearl Harbor – we’ve not systematically studied how air power has been used in the wars of the last century.
This is the idea behind Air Campaign – our new series for 2017. Whereas Duel tries to give a pilot’s-eye account of aerial combat, Air Campaign aims to explain the bigger picture – the commanders’-eye view of air war. What strategic goals was the campaign meant to achieve? What were the available aircraft, weapons and pilots capable of? What kind of opposition would they face? What plan did the attacking air force form and what tactics could they employ? Then: how was the campaign fought, how did the defenders respond, and looking back on it, what could or should have been done differently?
We’re launching Air Campaign next September, with the first four books ranging from World War II to Vietnam. Next week we’ll tell you what we have lined up – but what campaigns would you have chosen?
If you want to send us your suggestions or ideas over the next year, the email’s helloaircampaign@ospreypublishing.com. The best ideas will get copies of the first two ACMs next September – before they go on sale.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 14 окт 2016, 00:00

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1. Throwback Thursday – ELITE 26: Tank War - 2016-10-11 15:11:16
In this blog series, we’ll be taking a look at some of the great series books of the past that newer Osprey devotees may have missed.

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First released in 1989, Elite 26: Tank War – Central Front Nato vs Warsaw Pact by Steve Zaloga is a true oddity within the Elite series. At the time of release, it was a modern examination of the two great military forces of the 1980s. Today, it serves more as a primer on the starting point of a war that never happened.
The book opens with a bang, as Steven Zaloga drops us right into an encounter between American tankers taking on Russians as they advance into West Germany. It is a rare bit of Osprey fiction that serves to illustrate the different capabilities of the two forces involved. After the smoke clears from that encounter, the book delves into the forces that each individual country had arrayed at the time, giving the names and locations of all divisions, and then offers a comparison of the two sides.

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Like all books in the Elite series, this one has plenty of artwork, and probably greater variety than most. It includes profiles of numerous different tank types, showing off their design and camo patterns and also includes the uniforms of many of the tank crewmen.

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So, while it may seem a slight oddity, Elite 26 is definitely one worth having in the collection, especially if you are thinking about fighting World War III on your table top. (I’m looking at you here Team Yankee players).
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 15 окт 2016, 00:01

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1. 950 Years since the Battle of Hastings - 2016-10-14 13:22:00

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On a bright autumn day in 1066, the Anglo-Saxon King Harold Godwinson deployed his army on top of a hill near the town of Hastings. Surrounding him were troops that had won a famous victory over the Vikings at the battle of Stamford Bridge less than 3 weeks before, but now they faced an even greater threat.
The invading Norman army before them, led by Duke William, was a mixture of infantry, bowmen and cavalry and proceeded to launch numerous attacks against the formidable Anglo-Saxon shieldwall. William opened up with an ineffective barrage of arrows and then sent up his infantry but they fared little better. Even when he sent cavalry to support these attacks the could not break the English shieldwall.

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The low-point of the battle came when rumours of William's death almost put the Norman's to flight, but the Duke quickly acted, removing his helmet to show his face to his wavering men. Following this William elected to use feigned flight tactics, to draw men out of the shieldwall which achieved some success but still the English line held steady.
Finally as evening drew in and the light began to fade, William launched a desperate all-out assault which finally broke the shield wall and led to the death of King Harold, possibly due to an arrow through the eye. The victorious William then marched on London, crowing himself as William I on Christmas Day 1066.

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The Norman Conquest is one of the landmark events in English history, leading to the kingdom being dominated by French-speaking nobles and a suppression of the native English aristocracy. The Normans transformed the landscape of the kingdom, throwing up castles to dominate the towns and surrounding countryside and building great stone cathedrals in the French style.
To commemorate the 950th anniversary of the battle of Hastings, we are offering 20% off some selected titles from our back catalogue of Anglo-Saxon, Norman and Viking titles this weekend, including our classic Campaign title on the battle CAM 13: Hastings 1066 by Christopher Gravett and The Vikings by René Chartrand, Keith Durham, Mark Harrison, Ian Heath.

Click here to see which books have been included in this sale, and order your books today. The sale can be used in conjuction with this month's website sale as well as with member discounts.
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 21 окт 2016, 00:01

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1. Escape From Colditz Returns - 2016-10-20 09:29:05

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Oflag IV-C, the prisoner-of-war camp at Colditz Castle designed to house Allied prisoners who had previously made escape attempts from other camps, was made famous by the BBC television series Colditz in 1972–74. It would be a board game, however, that would truly immortalise the Colditz story in the minds of generations. Today, we are proud to release our new edition of that game – Escape From Colditz.
Designed by Major Pat Reid, one of only a handful of men to escape from Colditz, and Brian Degas, screenwriter of Colditz, Escape From Colditz captures the drama, tension, and excitement of the attempts to break out from the inescapable fortress.
Featuring stunning new artwork by Peter Dennis, an oversized board, 56 wooden playing pieces, 100 fully illustrated cards, a 32-page history book, and unique replicas of artefacts from the prison, we hope that this new edition will both inspire a new generation and allow long-time fans to revisit a board game classic.

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Escape From Colditz is a game for two to six players, with one controlling the German guards, attempting to maintain order within the prison, and the others playing Allied escape officers, seeking to get their men beyond the walls and to freedom. As the prisoners-of-war sneak through the prison, gathering rope and wire-cutters, forging keys, digging tunnels, and preparing for their escape attempts, the guards must remain wary, patrolling the castle, sending troublemakers to the cells, and reacting swiftly when a breakout is attempted.
This new edition of Escape From Colditz includes two sets of rules – the classic set, from the game’s original release, and an updated set, developed in collaboration with Brian Degas. These changes clarify and streamline certain elements in light of more than 40 years of intensive play and better reflect the designers’ original intent. To find out more about these changes, we’ve put together a video laying all of these out.



Osprey Games is proud to release its new edition of this legendary board game. Click here to order your copy today!
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 22 окт 2016, 00:01

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1. The Big Reveal – Air Campaign - 2016-10-21 10:00:12
Last week we unveiled the new series that we’re busy creating for next year, Air Campaign. To end the suspense – and finally complete our Big Reveal for 2017 – here are the four titles that will kick off Air Campaign next autumn.
ACM 001
The Battle of Britain 1940
Doug Dildy
Everyone knows the story of the Battle of Britain. But this book, the first in the series, showcases what we’re doing a little differently in Air Campaign. Rather than focusing on the Few in their Spitfires and Hurricanes, it will explain and analyse the Battle of Britain from the perspective of the Luftwaffe – their strategic aims, capabilities and plans, how they attempted to subdue Fighter Command, and why they failed.
ACM 002
Rabaul 1943–44
Mark Lardas
Rabaul was one of the biggest obstacles on the Allies’ road to Tokyo – a heavily fortified Japanese naval and air base, with a 100,000-strong garrison. The US-led Allies devised an innovative but difficult strategy – instead of capturing Rabaul, the island fortress would be neutralized and bypassed. The Allies would grind down Rabaul’s defences from the air, capturing and building new airfields to bring more air power closer and closer to Rabaul. The strategy saved a costly invasion, and provided an example of what air power can do.
ACM 003
Operation Rolling Thunder 1965–68
Dr Richard P. Hallion
One of the most controversial bombing campaigns in US history, Rolling Thunder was meant to discourage the North Vietnamese from supporting communist guerrillas in South Vietnam and Laos. After three years, the brutal, failing campaign was ignominiously ended. Here, Richard Hallion, a vastly experienced expert on US air power, explains the strategy behind Rolling Thunder, the many reasons why it failed, and the ‘How Not To’ lessons that it taught – which in the 1970s transformed US air power, spurring a new professionalism, new pilot training, and a new generation of far more capable combat aircraft and weapons.
ACM 004
Malta 1940–42
Ryan Noppen
Like the Battle of Britain, this is an air battle that’s usually told from the perspective of the defenders. Here, multilingual aviation analyst and New Vanguard stalwart Ryan Noppen examines the Malta air war from the attackers’ side – how first Italy and then Germany planned and fought their strategic air campaign to knock Malta out of the war and gain supremacy over the Mediterranean.
Some of these you had already guessed, but let us know what you think of our launch line-up!
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Мнение от Клуб Стендов Моделизъм България » 27 окт 2016, 00:00

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1. First Flight of the Mustang - 2016-10-26 13:55:28
On 26 October 1940 at Mines Field airfield near Los Angeles, a North American prototype fighter was taken out on its first flight. Designated NA-73X, powered by an Allison V-1710 and flown by the experienced civilian test pilot Vance Breese, it flew for just 20 minutes before landing safely.
This was the first time that the prototype that would become the legendary P-51 Mustang ever flew, and despite becoming famed as the United States’ premier fighter of World War II, its genesis owed far more to Britain than it did to the US.
The RAF needed a mass-produced American-built fighter to complement its home-grown Spitfires and Hurricanes, and so entered negotiations with North American Aviation (NAA) to produce a new aircraft that would meet their needs. At the time the US Army Air Corps was not interested in the project, preferring the P-40 Warhawk that was already in production.
Design work began on 24 April 1940, and less than five months later the first prototype rolled out of the Inglewood factory in California. You can see what it looked like below.

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(artwork from AVG 1: Allison-englined P-51 Mustang)
Flight testing did not go smoothly. When Breese handed over flight test duties to NAA test pilot Paul Balfour he predicted that he would crash the plane, which he did on his first flight in November 1940 after failing to switch fuel tanks. He was lucky to survive the accident and was removed from the program in favour of Robert ‘Bob’ C. Chilton, who would not get to fly the plane until January 1941 while it underwent repairs.
It was at this time that the RAF chose a name for the new plane. After rejecting NAA’s suggestion of ‘Apache’, they decided on ‘Mustang’.

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(Public domain image from wikipedia)
The first Mustangs were delivered to the UK in October 1941, with the first model given the RAF serial AG346. It was quickly realised that its Allison engine was the aircraft’s greatest weakness and so in 1942 it was equipped with Rolls-Royce’s Merlin engine. That said, the Allison-powered Mustangs served with distinction across the globe in British service, with that first delivered plane, AG346, flying in RAF hands until April 1944 when it was shot down over France.
It was not until mid-1941 that the USAAF showed interest in the aircraft, and 1942 before the first Mustangs in US service were tested.
Allison- and Merlin-powered Mustangs would become mainstays of the British and American air forces, serving throughout the rest of World War II. With their long range, it was the Mustang that finally gave US heavy bombers much-needed fighter escort deep into Germany. Mustangs also served post-war in Korea as fighter-bombers and photo-reconnaissance aircraft.
The P-51 Mustang features in a number of Osprey titles across our many aviation series including:
AVG 1: Allison-Engined P-51 Mustang,
DUE 1: P-51 Mustang vs Fw 190,
AEU 21: Very Long Range P-51 Mustang Units of the Pacific War
ACE 93: RAF Mustang and Thunderbolt Aces
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